Geography of India: Questions

Topics: States and territories of India, India, Bay of Bengal Pages: 10 (1684 words) Published: June 22, 2013
CBSE Class 9 - Geography - CH1 - INDIA – SIZE AND LOCATION NCERT Chapter Solutions and Q & A asked in examinations.

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India by INSAT
(source: India Meteorological Department)|
Q1. Choose the right answer from the four alternatives given below. (i) The Tropic of Cancer does not pass through
(a) Rajasthan
(b) Orissa
(c) Chhattisgarh
(d) Tripura
Answer: Orissa

(ii) The easternmost longitude of India is
(a) 97° 25' E
(b) 68° 7' E
(c) 77° 6' E
(d) 82° 32' E
Answer: (a) 97° 25' E

(iii) Uttaranchal, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal and Sikkim have common frontiers with (a) China
(b) Bhutan
(c) Nepal
(d) Myanmar

Answer: (a) China

(iv) If you intend to visit Kavarati during your summer vacations, which one of the following Union Territories of India you will be going to (a) Pondicherry
(b) Lakshadweep
(c) Andaman and Nicobar
(d) Diu and Daman

Answer: (b) Lakshadweep

(v) My friend hails from a country which does not share land boundary with India. Identify the country. (a) Bhutan
(b) Tajikistan
(c) Bangladesh
(d) Nepal

Answer: (b) Tajikistan

Q2 Answer the following questions briefly.
(i) Name the group of islands lying in the Arabian sea.

Answer: Lakshadweep
(ii) Name the countries which are larger than India.

Answer: Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Russia and USA

(iii) Which island group of India lies to its south-east?

Answer: Andaman and Nicobar Islands

(iv) Which island countries are our southern neighbours?

Answer: Srilanka and Maldives

Q3 The sun rises two hours earlier in Arunachal Pradesh as compared to Gujarat in the west but the watches show the same time. How does this happen?

Answer:
The earth in its rotation covers a distance of 1° longitude in 4 minutes. The places located on different longitudes have different local times. To keep uniform system of time, the world has been divided into 24 times zones.

India has a longitudinal extent of 30 from Arunachal (east) Pradesh to Western Gujarat. It accounts for a time difference of 2 hours. However to keep standard time across the country, 82½° E, central longitude of India, is selected as standard meridian and local time is IST of whole country.

Q4(CBSE Exam 2010): Which one of the following is the southernmost Latitude of India ? (a) 8° 4' North
(b) 8° 4' South
(c) 6° 4' South
(d) 6° 4' North

Answer: (d) 6° 4' North
The southernmost point called Indira point (earlier called Pygmalion point) got submerged in Tsunami in 2004. See at wiki other Indian Extreme Points.

Q5: The central location of India at the head of the Indian Ocean is considered of great significance. Why?
OR
Q(CBSE Exam): How does India occupy an important strategic position in South Asia? Illustrate your answer by explaining three suitable points.

Answer: The central location of India at the head of the Indian Ocean is considered of great significance because of the following reasons: 1. The trans Indian Ocean routes which connect the countries of Europe in the West and the countries of East Asia provide a strategic central location to India. 2. The Deccan Peninsula protrudes into the Indian Ocean, help India establish a close contact with West Asia, Africa and Europe from the western coast and with Southeast and East Asia from the eastern coast. 3. India has a long coastline on the Indian Ocean which become favourable trading ports and commerce hubs for other countries. 4. The coastal regions of India are famous for agriculture, trade & industrial centres, tourist centres, fishing and salt making. They provide important hinterlands for the ports. 5. Opening of Suez Canal in 1869 reduced the distance between India and Europe by 7000 kms.

Q6(CBSE): Palk Strait separates India from which country?
(a) Mynmar
(b) Maldives
(c) Sri Lanka
(d) Lakshdweep

Answer: (c) Sri Lanka

Q7(CBSE) Which one of the following water bodies separate Sri Lanka from India...
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