Describe the global patterns of: Infant Mortality Rate (IMR)
Low IMR: Europe and North America, including Australia and NZ (Mostly MEDCs nations). Southern part of South America, Russia, East Asia and Malaysia. Some Middle East countries, including UAE. Medium IMR: Northern SA and most of Asia, Central America and Northern/Southern Africa. High IMR: Central Africa, West Africa, Somalia and Afghanistan. Is there a relationship between them?
GNI per capita with Life expectancy: GNI per capita will allow citizens to afford medical and health services, meaning they could treat deadly sicknesses such as cancer or expensive treatments
Life expectancy global patterns:
Low life expectancy: Most of Africa, especially Southern, Central, Eastern and Western (Sub-Saharan Africa) including very low countries such as . Anomaly of Afghanistan in Africa, and Laos. Middle life expectancy: Anomalies in Africa, including Equatorial Guinea and Eritrea and Madagascar. Middle nations include Central South America, countries such as Peru and Brazil and even Bolivia, although low compared to the mentioned previously. North Africa, countries such as Egypt and Morocco and Eastern Asia (China) plus South East Asia including Indonesia and the Philippines. High: North America and Western Europe, Japan and Australia/New Zealand. Anomalies include: Bolivia/Guyana, Greenland, Madagascar/Equatorial Guinea, Haiti, Afghanistan. Bolivia => Natural causes, high altitude in the whole countries makes the population live under constant stress and pressure, exhausting faster organs.
Literacy Rates 2007/8:
Low literacy rates: Concentrates mostly in Central and Western Africa and South Central Asia, including Nations such as India and Pakistan. Nations with lowest literacy include Chad, Nigeria and Mali. Middle literacy rates: South America, including Peru. South Asia including China, and the Middle East including Saudi Arabia and Oman. Anomalies in Africa, including Egypt and Madagascar and most of Southern Africa. High literacy rates: North America and most of Europe (old soviet USSR included), with slight high rates in South America including Argentina surprisingly and Guyana. Southern Africa surprisingly, with anomalies including Zimbabwe. Australia and New Zealand ANOMALIES: Portugal, Bosnia and Serbia. Yemen. Peru. Papua New Guinea. Guatemala. Haiti. Zimbabwe. Cambodia.
Low GNI per capita: Mostly concentrated in Central, Eastern and Western Africa including nations such as the Dem. Republic of Congo, Nigeria and Niger. Indonesia and Papua New Guinea stand out in South East Asia and South Central Africa, including India-Nepal. Medium GNI per capita: Central America and South America, Southern Africa including South America. The Balkan and most of Asia. High GNI: North merica, Europe.
Undernourishment global patterns:
Low undernourishment: Distributed in relation to MEDCs, mostly found in North America and Western Europe plus Russia. Northern Africa regions including Libya and Egypt, southern South America e.g. Argentina and Uruguay and Australia/New Zealand. Middle undernourishment: Distributed along the equator (tropical areas) with nations in central South America such as Peru and Brazil, North America including Mexico and Eastern Africa including Nigeria. Indonesia and Eastern Asia nations including China and Vietnam as well count with 5-19% of undernourished. High undernourishment: Southern African Nations including the Congo and Central African Republic, Anomaly of Bolivia in South America and most of Central America and the Caribbean including Panama and Honduras. Other nations in South Asia including India and Pakistan, plus Myanmar and Mongolia. Anomalies: Bolivia in South America, Libya in Africa, North Korea, the Balkans in Europe.
1. Explain which of the maps is the most useful
2. Using the map on the right describe the distribution of people living with HIV Explaining the development gap:
3. Explain how different factors can combine to create higher or lower levels of development: Largest countries in the region impose an empowering image among others, plus its large sized regions allow it to obtain a larger and rich land in resources which stimulates foreign development and increases industrialization. Least advanced developing countries, on the other side, which are land-locked or island nations impose limitations on trade as the only way of access is through air/land. These nations are usually found with few natural resources, and are constantly being affected by natural hazards e.g. tsunamis, etc. Skills:
1. Discuss the extent of the development gap between top and bottom 20 countries: There is a dramatic gap between the top and bottom countries, with a large difference between both extremes. Luxembourg, on one side, counts with 64,320 GNI per capita while in contrast, the least developed nations of Dem. Rep. of Congo ranks with 290 GNI per Capita. The bottom countries are mostly LEDCs in contrast to the top nations, which are largely contained by MEDCs. 2. Identify 5 countries in each category on pg. 80
Human development rates:
Lowest countries: Central African Republic, Afghanistan, Senegal, Mozambique and Dem. Rep. of Congo. Medium countries: Egypt, China, Mongolia, Cambodia, Nepal.
Highest countries: Canada, USA, Chile, Poland and Germany.