Genocide in Rwanda (Culminating Task)
Rwanda is separated into two major ethnic groups, the Huts and the Tutsis. Majority of Rwandans are Hutus who make up about 80 per cent of the population, and only about 15 per cent are Tutsis. These two ethnic groups shared the same language and culture, but there had been conflicts between the two groups that occurred during the colonial period. Rwanda was colonized by Belgians after the first World War. There had been racism going on during the colonial period, the Tutsis, who were seen to have more European characteristics, were considered to be superior to the Hutus. Since then, conflicts and animosity between the two groups started to occur. When the Rwandans finally got their independence from Belgium, the Hutus took all the power and controlled the new government. After that, small massacres keeps happening in Rwanda and almost all the victims were Tutsis. President Juvenal Habyarimana, a Hutu, signed “Arusha Accords” that let the Tutsis participate in the government and weakened the Hutus’ power. The president died on April 6, 1994 when his plane got shot down. No one ever knew who were responsible for this assassination, but the Tutsis were blamed and the animosity between the two groups sparked even bigger. Hutus started killing thousands and thousands of Tutsis, these massive killing were clearly turning out to be a genocide. While thousands of people are being killed in Rwanda, the world stood still and remained idle. The UN somehow ignored the issue and failed to respond quickly to stop the genocide. The Tutsi rebels, RPF, seek revenge and fought with Canadian General Romeo Dallaire’s full support. The RPF succeeded after 100 days of killings, on July 18, 1994, the war came to an end leaving approximately 800,000 people dead.
b.) Critical Question
What was the role of President Habyarimana and the group he raised in the genocide and the Hutu conformity?
Please join StudyMode to read the full document