genetically modified organism

Topics: Genetically modified organism, Genetically modified food, Genetic engineering Pages: 24 (6202 words) Published: May 15, 2014


Genetically Modified Organisms
Course Project

Table of Contents
Abstract-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3 Introduction to Genetically Modified Foods/The History behind the Technology--------------4-7

Political and Legal Influences/Economics and GM Foods------------------------------------------7-11

Psychological/Sociological Effects of GMOs/Cultural Context and media Influence---------11-15

Genetically Modified Foods and Our Environment/Ethical and Moral Implications-----------15-21

References------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------22-24

Abstract
Genetically modified crops and food involve the deliberate altering of the genetic material of plants and animals. Biotechnology when used for agriculture and food production will cause concerns over the environmental, economic and ethical issues that this technology affects. Genetically modified crops that are resistant to pesticides can help contribute to increased yields and agricultural growth. Most foods we consume today have been genetically modified or they have ingredients that are derived from gene modification technology. Some specific fears expressed about genetically modified organisms are the fear of the unknown and also cultural, ethical and environmental. The benefits from GMO crops include longer shelf-life, improved nutritional quality, increased crop yield. The benefits of GM crops and food seem to outweigh the risk. The agencies that regulate this technology and the businesses that are involved in this technology should help enhance public awareness for worldwide acceptance of genetically modified crops and food.

The Food and Drug Administration known as the FDA has been focusing their time and money on food biotechnology. The use of biotechnology when used for agriculture and food production increases the environmental, economic and ethical concerns. The use of genetically engineered organisms poses apprehensive questions on the risk to human health. Progress in technology and especially genetic engineering of food is not what it once was. The way food was once grown and made has long passed. What are the possible risks and effects of this technology and is there enough information to determine the consequences GMOs will have on human health. This technology dates back to the early 1900s and in 1935 Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) was first discovered by Andrei Nikolaevitch Belozersky a Russian scientist. Recombinant DNA a form of artificial DNA was created in 1973 and in 1994 insulin produced by genetically engineered E. coli bacteria is sold on the market. Genetically modified organisms hit the grocery stores in 1994 and the United States Food and Drug Administration approved the first genetically engineered crop product called the FLAVR SAVR tomato. This tomato has a longer shelf life than conventional tomato, but in 1997 the Flavr Savr was pulled off the grocery shelves due to economic difficulties. The marketplace began embracing GMO technology and by 1999 over 100 million acres worldwide are planted with genetically engineered seeds. GMOs are referred to as crop plants that are created for human and/or animal consumption which have been genetically modified in laboratories. In 1997 scientist have figured out how to stack genes (combining more than one trait from the same plant) and it is estimated that 89 percent of all soybeans and 61 percent of all corn grown in the United States has been genetically engineered(International Food Information Council, 2007). The FDA approved genetically engineered corn, soy, cotton, canola, potato, squash and tomato for commercialization in 1995 and since then the amount of crops genetically engineered has been steadily increasing. The genes are often altered to render the plant resistant to either...

References: Al-Hayani, F. (2007). Biomedical ethics: Muslim perspectives on genetic modification. Zygon:
Journal Of Religion & Science, 42(1), 153-162
Catacora-Vargas, G. (2012). Socio-economic considerations in gmo decision-making . Retrieved
from http://www.ensser.org/fileadmin/files/1.3-Catacora-paper.pdf
Colson, G., & Rousu, M. C. (2013). What do consumer surveys and experiments reveal and
conceal about consumer preferences for genetically modified foods?
(2007). History of safe use as applied to the safety assessment of novel foods and foods
derived from genetically modified organisms
Debora , W. (2000, April). Genetically modified foods: Harmful or helpful?. Retrieved from
http://www.csa.com/discoveryguides/gmfood/overview.php
Devos, Y., Maeseele, P., Reheul, D., Van Speybroeck, L., & De Waele, D. (2008). Ethics in the
societal debate on genetically modified organisms: A (re)quest for sense and sensibility
Godheja, J. (2013). Impact of GMO 'S on environment and human health. Recent Research In
Science & Technology, 5(5), 26-29.
Helme, M. (2013). Genetically Modified Food Fight: The FDA Should Step Up to the
Regulatory Plate so States Do Not Cross the Constitutional Line
Lynas, M. (2014). Good Crops. Technology Review, 117(1), 12.
Prah, P. (2014, March 03). Here 's what gmo labeling will cost you. Retrieved from
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/03/13/gmo-labels_n_4956995.html
Sandu, G. H. (2010). Biblical Bioethics essay concerning genetically modified organisms.
Scientific Papers: Series D, Animal Science - The International Session Of Scientific
Schröer, W., & Schmidt, G. (2013). Supporting monitoring effects of genetically modified
organisms by GIS-technologies and geodata - an overview
Ecosystem Risk Assessment, 8111-120. doi:10.3897/biorisk.8.4038
Selected Internet Resources on Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs)
Wirth, D. A. (2013). The world trade organization dispute concerning genetically modified
organisms: Precaution meets international trade law
Wohlers, A. E. (2013). Labeling of genetically modified food. Politics & The Life Sciences,
32(1), 73-84
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Genetically Modified Crops Debate Essay
  • Essay on Genetically Modified Foods
  • Essay about Genetically Modified Organisms ASSIGNMENT LAST
  • genetically modified organisms. not that bad Essay
  • Genetically Modified Organism Essay
  • Genetically Modified Foods Essay
  • Genetically Modified Foods Essay
  • Genetically Modified Food and Gm Foods Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free