Genetic modification is the same as genetic engineering and genetic manipulation, which is the use of modern technology to change or alter the genetic code of an organism. Genetic modification includes using genes from one organism and inserting them into another, however, genetic modification can also be altering the original gene of the organism without changing the genetic codes. Therefore a (GMO) Genetically Modified Organism is one whose genes were altered. Genetic modification in agriculture is to alter the genes of organisms used in agriculture to have better products. Application of Genetic modification in agriculture is: Creation of resistance varieties of plants, Bio-fertilization, Increase the protein content and Creation of transgenic animals. Added experiments are being carried out to make plants which are self dependent and would only be need to sown once. Emphasis is also paid on discovering plants which do not require high amounts of water. Added experiments are being carried out to make plants which are self dependent and would only be need to sown once. Emphasis is also paid on discovering plants which do not require high amounts of water. GM breeding is used because it can change the genes of an organism in ways not possible through traditional breeding techniques providing opportunities for new plant varieties and animal breeds.
Genetically modified foods first seem likely in the food markets in the early 1960’s. In 1967 a new potato was bred for making potato chips because of its high solid contents; however it developed a toxin that showed that Genetic engineering had its negative effects. In the years 1983 to 1989 the U.S. government gave the framework for regulating biotechnology to three regulating agencies, namely, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the US Department of Agriculture (USDA), and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Other genetically modified foods were made available in the 1990’s...
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