Genetic Engineering

Topics: DNA, Genetics, Gene Pages: 4 (1579 words) Published: October 28, 2013

Dr. Frankenstein’s Journal
Before arguing about a topic, it is generally a good idea to know what it is that is being argued. Genetic engineering is a relatively new technique, involving the transfer of genes from one organism to another. It is also described as the “modification of genetic material by man that would otherwise be subject to the forces of nature only” (Carlson, n.d.). Genetic engineering is a powerful and potentially very dangerous tool; it changes the physical properties of organisms. Some say that genetic engineering is morally and ethically wrong and that they pose a threat to human health, the environment, and the global economy. Genetic engineering has benefited the world for the better in more aspects of life than one such as food, animals, and plants, and will continue to as technology and knowledge increases. Since 1953, when scientists discovered the workings of the genetic system, scientists have learned how to change the composition of genes and how to change the basic traits of an organism. By snipping genes out of cells and adding them to other cells “molecular biologists have the ability to create new properties that have never been seen before” (Azargoon, 2002). This can be used to alter the properties of food. Scientists genetically alter food by using the genetic information from one organism, and than putting that specific trait into another organism that will take on that favored trait. Scientists can make food crops stay fresher, grow bigger, and have the crops create their own pesticides. Although genetic engineering will revolutionize the way we grow food and care for our environment, people question genetic engineering. Genetic engineering is a targeted and powerful method of introducing desirable traits into animals. Scientists have used it to increase the production of milk in cows. Bovine GH can increase milk production in lactating cows. Using biotechnology, scientists bioengineered the gene that controls bovine...


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Carlson, T. (N.D.) Genetic engineering: a question of ethics. Retrieved January 3, 2013, from the mdh.se Web site: http://www.idt.mdh.se/kurser/cd5590/Archives/07_11/GenEngineering.pdf
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Genetic engineering could overcome rejection problems. (1997, April 18). Retrieved January 14, 1013, from the CNN Web site: http://articles.cnn.com/1997-04-28/health/9704_28_nfm.pig.transplants_1_transplants-genetic-engineering-pigs?_s=PM:HEALTH
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