generator load

Topics: Alternator, Internal combustion engine, Function Pages: 2 (472 words) Published: September 23, 2014
GENERATOR SET
KW & KVAR LOAD SHARING
IN A PARALLELED SYSTEM
LOAD SHARING
Load sharing is defined as the proportional division of the kW and kVAR total load between multiple generator sets in a paralleled system. Load sharing is essential to avoid overloading and stability problems on the systems’ generator sets.

ACTIVE POWER (KW) LOAD SHARING
When generator sets operate in parallel, the engine speed governor of each generator set determines the proportional sharing of the total active power requirements (kW) of the system.
The kW load sharing is achieved by increasing or decreasing fuel to the systems’ engines.
As the fuel to the engine of one generator set in a group is increased it will not lead to an increase in speed and hence frequency (as it would if it were operating alone) but it will lead to an increase in the proportion of the total kW load that it will deliver.

As the fuel to the engine of one generator set in a group is decreased it will not lead to a decrease in speed and hence frequency (as it would if it were operating alone) but it will lead to a decrease in the proportion of the total kW load that it will deliver.

The control system of the generator sets (via the engine speed control system) monitors and controls the sharing of the total kW load in proportion to the relative rating of the engines on the systems’ generator sets.

REACTIVE POWER (KVAR) LOAD SHARING
When generator sets operate in parallel the alternator field excitation system of each generator set controls the proportional sharing of the total reactive power requirements (kVAR) of the system.

The kVAR load sharing is achieved by increasing or decreasing the field excitation to the systems’ alternators.
As the field excitation of one generator set in a group is increased i.e. overexcited it will not lead to an increase in voltage (as it would if it were operating alone) but it will lead to an increase in the proportion of the total kVAR load it will deliver and a...
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