General Information About Murmansk

Topics: Russia, World War II, Murmansk Pages: 5 (2139 words) Published: May 28, 2015
General information about Murmansk

Murmansk is a unique city. See if you can find it on the globe. It is on the top of Europe. For centuries it was believed that it would be impossible to live here because of the severe climate. But it took a mere 80 years for the biggest city on the planet situated North to the Arctic Circle to be built on the shore of the Kola bay. For many years this ice-free port was a leading Soviet freight port, a base for fishing fleets, a major naval base, and the main home port of the Russian nuclear submarine fleet. During World War II (known in Russia as the Great Patriotic War), Murmansk served as a port for the arctic convoys, and after the war became the Soviet Union's most important submarine base. With the development of Murmansk Transport Hub until the year 2010, the port will be capable of handling 28,5 million tons of goods. By the year 2020, 52 million tons of goods can be transported instead of the current 14 million. The climate here is fairly moderate due to the warm Atlantic Gulf Stream( In winter the average temperature is -10 C) Murmansk is a city of contrasts. From the 1st of December and till the 13th of January we have the so called "polar night" The hours of darkness grow longer and longer until the longest night which is on December 22 nd Murmansk has 131 days of rain, 168 days of snow - more days of precipitation than any city in Europe The weather in Murmansk is formed by cyclones and anticyclones from the Barents Sea and the Golf stream. In Murmansk they say: June – no summer yet, July – no summer already. Day and night electric lights are shining instead of the Sun During this period you may witness the unusual natural phenomenon of the Northern Lights. And in summer comes"polar day" when the sun doesn't set at all. It lasts from the 23 -rd of May till the 22 -nd of July There is never any need to switch on a light between May and August. Murmansk was founded during the reign of the Nicholas II Romanov , on October 4th, 1916 and was originally called Romanov-on-Murman The foundation of the town is connected with WW I.Russia was isolated from allies in this war , therefore it was decided to built a sea port and connect this port with the Russian capital Petrograd by the rail. In 1917 the town was renamed Murmansk. The development of the city began in this century.Before that the Kola Penincula was inhabited only by the Saami people and few Russian settlers . Old Russian settlements have preserved until now.The Saamy have their own culture , the centre is Lovozero The hardest time for Murmansk was during World War II. The city was heavily bombed day and night for 40 months and was ruined completely but it still lived , worked, handled allied convoys and the Nazis could not capture Murmansk. Many places of interest of Murmansk are connected with its war history After the war Murmansk has been restored and rebuild almost anew. The population is 310,000.

Murmansk is a maritime town. All large enterprises are connected with the sea. Murmansk has a well developed infrastructure and excellent restaurants and hotels. As a visitor to the city you will never be bored. Even on a short trip you will have time to visit museums, to see various exhibitions, to go to the theatre , to the Philharmonic. .

Statue of Lenin

This Statue of Lenin is at Lenina Avenue. At present its really in bad condition or may be after 1991 nobody bothered to maintain it. And Statues of Lenin were built all over Russia after October revolution in 1917 but this monument was constructed in 1957. 

This place is believed was used for political meetings and festive events but not anymore. After 1991 very  few people gather for meeting. I saw very old apartment kind of structure behind this place. Antoly Bredov was born in Novgorod and he fought against Nazi force close to Titovka. And as per history the legend goes like this: There were only people left...
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