Gender, Work and Organization

Topics: Gender, Gender role, Gender identity Pages: 5 (1441 words) Published: June 17, 2013
INTRODUCTION
The paper begins through the introduction of masculinity within the workplace, the transformation of work in terms of gender separation. It then describes the how the research was conducted, discusses the findings and ending with the conclusion. Occupational segregation by gender remains the most prevalent aspect of the labour market. In the past, women have crossed over into men’s jobs. In recent years, men have crossed over into non-traditional jobs. The men who crossed into men’s jobs, have experienced faced challenges to their masculine identity form various sources and in a variety of ways. Some of the methods, that men use to cope up, is by distancing themselves from female colleagues and/or partially restructured a different masculinity by identifying with their non-traditional occupations. This article investigates the change in men, working in jobs that are referred to as “women’s work”. It demonstrates the view of ten men working in non-traditional occupations, and how this has an impact on their personal and professional lives. The article also shows the gender identity issues and the implications that men face. The aim of the study was to “look at the ways in which masculinities are defined, (re)structured, and maintained by men, working in non-traditional jobs (Cross & Bagilhole, 2002; 10). The objective of the study is / was to explore the views of men in non-traditional work and their experiences of working within the environment / atmosphere.

METHODS
The research is done, using interview research method. An informal interview method, where ten men, of white ethnic background, were interviewed as case studies in different occupations. It also included the insights of men in non-traditional and their experiences of working in the environment. From the findings of Cross and Bagilhole (2002), there were two common and general responses to the challenges faced by the men. They were 1) the men distanced themselves from female colleagues or 2) restructuring their masculine identity based on their job. Both the responses involved changes from the men’s side, as they had to change and / or adjust themselves accordingly and the changes happened gradually.

FINDINGS
Key finding one
The article demonstrates a very general approach. It focuses on the group behaviour rather than the individual experiences of the men interviewed. Focusing on the individual would have given a more precise view on how the men adapted themselves to the changing situations in their workplace. On the other hand, the findings sheds light in the challenges and partialities the men faced in their job. The men would face challenges from both the female colleagues as well as other men working in traditional jobs. Key finding two

Morgan (1992) noted that the characteristics of masculine and feminine work holds strong implications for the employees and that they are vulnerable. The employees are often subjected to gender segregation and this would indirectly or directly, cause them to stop interacting with other employees, and they would eventually become withdrawn. This would affect the employee’s personal as well as professional lives and it would also affect their work. Key finding three

Cockburn (1988) argues that men who go into traditional female roles would be classified as effeminate, and/or tolerated as eccentrics or categorized as failures. Heike (1992) supports the findings, suggesting problems for men in non-traditional careers. The society may see the men working in non-traditional industries as “weaklings”; they would not be respected among their peers in other industries. The men working in these occupations, earn less money / salary, and could also be classified as being too feminine. Occupations are still gender segregated, though there have been changes in terms of previous gendered occupations such as cooking. Key finding four

Lupton (2006) argues that there are two explanations for men entering...

References: Bagilhole, B. (1994) Women, Work and Equal Opportunity. Aldershot: Avebury.
Cockburn (1988)
Cross, S & Bagilhole, B (2002) “Girls” jobs for the boys? Men, masculinity and non-traditional occupations”, Gender, Work and Organization 9(2):204-226
Galbraith, M (1992) Understanding career choices of men in elementary education. Journal of educational research, 85, 4 (March-April), 246-53
Hakim, C (2000) Work-lifestyle choices in the 21st century
Hancock (2011) “It’s a macho thing, innit? Exploring the effects of masculinity on career choice and development’, Gender, Work and Organization 13(2) 103-28
Maslow, A.H (1954) Motivation and Personality, Harper: New York
Morgan, D (1992) Discovering men, London: Routledge
Simpson, R (2004) Masculinity at work: the experiences of men in female dominated occupations, Work, Employment & Society, 18(2): 349-368
Williams, C. (ed.) (1993) Doing Women’s Work: Men in Non-Traditional Occupations. London: Sage
Williams, L & Villemez, W
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Gender Makes Difference in an Organization Essay
  • Essay on Work Organization
  • Essay on gender
  • Gender Essay
  • gender and work Essay
  • Essay on Gender and Work Life Balance
  • Gender Equity in the Work Place Essay
  • Gender Discrimination at the Work Place Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free