October 24, 2013
GENDER VS. THE COURT SYSTEM
Is there gender bias in our Court System?
The United States of America is acclaimed for having one of the most sophisticated judicial systems in the world. Almost every day thousands of people, including law enforcement officers, lawyers, judges, government officials and even accused criminals, take part in this system, hoping to settle disputes and work for justice. A court is place to settle arguments and impose penalties for those who disobey the laws of society. An overview of the Court System in the United States would be basically two separate levels of courts, which is state and federal. The type of court that a case is tried in depends on the law that is allegedly violated. Today, most of the laws that govern our day-to-day living are state laws. The American Court system is based on the English Common Law system. The basic idea is that there are two sides, the plaintiff and the defendant, who present their arguments before an impartial judge (and sometimes a jury).
In a criminal case, the prosecutor acts as a plaintiff on behalf of the citizens or state. Where as each state is free to arrange its own court system (that meaning its within certain constitutionally defined boundaries). Most states justice systems have several things in common. The lowest level court in trials where the state law is alleged to have been violated is the trial court, which is also known as the Superior Court or Supreme Court Trial Division. This is the only court with the power to determine the actual facts involved in a case usually however done by a jury. If a party that is involved in the case feels that the trial judge made an error in one of his rulings, for example whether they either included or excluded a certain piece of evidence, making a bad call on an important objection, they can call for a appeal, or bring the case to a Court of Appeals (or Supreme Court Appellate Divison in...
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