Gender Equality

Topics: Gender, Feminism, Gender equality Pages: 25 (7229 words) Published: June 19, 2013
DIPLOMATIC ACADEMY OF VIETNAM
DEPARTMENT OF INTERNATIONAL COMMUNICATION

READING ASIGNMENT
TOPIC 6

GENDER EQUALITY

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GROUP 6 STUDENTS: Nguyen Linh Dan (leader)
Truong Thi Thuy Dung
Vu Thi Dang
Nguyen Thu Hang

HaNoi, October 30, 2012

TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION3

I.OVERVIEW OF GENDER EQUALITY4

1. History of gender equality4

2. Actual situation of gender equality all over the world7

3. Reasons of gender inequality issues10

4. The impact of gender inequality in education and employment on economic growth in developing countries12

4.1 Education12

4.2. Employment14

4.3. The impact of education and employment on economic growth16

II.PROMOTING GENDER EQUALITY IN VIET NAM17

1.Status of gender equality in VN17

1.1 Sex Ratio at Birth (SRB)17

1.2 Gender inequality in politics18

1.3 Gender inequality in education19

1.4 Gender inequality in economic, labor and employment.20

2.Achievements and restrictions of building gender equality in VN:22

3.Key principles and strategies for promoting gender equality in VN24

3.1 Key principles for the promotion of gender equality24

LIST OF REFERENCES28

INTRODUCTION

Gender inequality has long been a burning issue facing mankind. It is posing serious challenges in all aspects of social life. Women have been, are and definitely will be an intrinsic part of civilization.   No society or country can progress without an active participation of women in its overall development. However, men and women have not been treated fairly and squarely in all matters. Women have been particularly discriminated against in that they have often been denied basic education, voting rights and even the right to have their own property. Although this trend has been strongly counteracted over the last 100 years, in a lot of areas including in some developed countries, the pace of progress on gender equality is limited.

Taking this problem seriously, Vietnam in recent years has followed strict national policies with a view to changing the status of gender inequality. Our paper will focus on in-depth analysis of gender inequality in Vietnam, its causes and consequences. In addition, we will mention the achievements and limitations in promoting gender equality in Vietnam.

The paper has 2 main parts:
* Overview of gender equality

* Promoting gender equality in Vietnam.

We would like to sincerely thank our English teacher for helping our group complete this assignment.

OVERVIEW OF GENDER EQUALITY

1. History of gender equality

- Details definition:
Gender equality, also known as sexual equality, is the objective of making women's rights equal to men's and also making men's rights equal to women's. This objective stems from a belief in the injustice of numerous forms of sex inequality. According to "Guidelines for gender mainstreaming in planning and implementation policy" by the National Committee for the Advancement of Women in Vietnam, published in 2004, "Gender equality is recognized and treated equally characteristic similarities and differences between women and men.”[1]

According to Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW): “Gender Equality: is the status (living conditions, activities, etc.) in which women and men enjoy the position as the same together, they have an equal opportunity to access and use the resources to benefit yourself, discover and develop potential of each gender in order to contribute to the development of national and benefit from this one.”[2]

- Starting time and place of the issue:
The idea of equality of the sexes has a relatively short history. Until the end of the nineteenth century, women were treated as the...

References: ➢ Hyde, J. S. (2005). The Gender Similarities Hypothesis. American Psychologist, 60, 581-592 (doi: 10.1037/0003-066X.60.6.581).
➢ Rosabeth Moss Kanter.  "Some Effects of Proportions on Group Life: Skewed Sex Ratios and Responses to Token Women"   American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 82, No. 5 (Mar., 1977), pp. 965-990.
➢ Report of National Committee for the Advancement of Women in Vietnam, 2011.
➢ Report on the situation of gender equality in the planning, recruitment, appointment of civil servants, the Ministry of the Interior,2007
➢ Report of Ministry of Education and Training, 2007
➢ Report “Council of the title of professor, Department of Education and Training through the years”, 2010
➢ Survey of labor and employment dated 1/8/2007 of the GSO
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