Gender Discrimination in the Workplace

Topics: Discrimination, Gender, Sexism Pages: 8 (3119 words) Published: June 18, 2010
Gender Discrimination in the Work Place

Discrimination in the work place has been a major problem all throughout history. There are many different types of discrimination such as gender discrimination or racial discrimination. By definition is the treatment taken toward or against a person of a certain group in consideration based solely on class or category. So this could mean that a person would show favoritism towards a certain gender or the exact opposite. Gender discrimination most commonly referred to as sexism now the term sexism was coined in the 20th century it is the belief or attitude that one gender or sex is inferior to, less competent, or less valuable than the other. It can also be associated with a hatred of, or prejudice towards, either sex as a whole, or the application of stereotypes of masculinity in relation to men, or of femininity in relation to women which is also called chauvinism. Over the past century there have been many laws put into place to protect people from being discriminated against in the work place such as the equal opportunity act and the equal pay act. The equal opportunity act was put in place to protect employees and employers from being discriminated on and the equal pay act was set into motion in order to make sure that employers were not discriminating against certain employees.

Gender discrimination in the work place is becoming a growing problem ever since the combination of genders in the work place came to be. Gender discrimination also known as sexism a term which was coined during the 20th century. Sexism is revealed in the English language, as well as most world languages, in many ways. Language studies have concluded that language discrimination is usually covert and difficult to be noticed without conscious awareness. Gender analysts warn that the danger of continuing sexist language is that sexist language tends to perpetuate gender stereotypes and reinforce biases against women. Sexist language may also perpetuate male stereotypes as well. A form of sexism is the view that men are superior to women when expressed by men it is considered sexist towards women and the same is considered of the opposite. Sexism can take many forms such as verbal in every day conversations, or non-verbal in workday situations. A good example of verbal discrimination was Near the end of the 20th century, when there was a rise in the use of gender-neutral language in western worlds. This is often attributed to the rise of feminism. Gender-neutral language is the avoidance of gender-specific job titles, non-parallel usage, and other usage that is felt by some to be sexist. Supporters feel that having gender-specific titles and gender-specific pronouns either implies a system bias to exclude individuals based on their gender, or else is as unnecessary in most cases as race-specific pronouns, religion-specific pronouns, or persons-height-specific pronouns. Some of those who support gender-specific pronouns assert that promoting gender-neutral language is a kind of "semantics injection" itself. Up until the 20th century the legal system of marriage stated that by being married the husband and wife would become one person in law thereby the legal existence of the woman is suspended during the marriage. It was not until 1875 when women in the U.S. were legally defined as persons in the case of Minor vs. Happersett. Women also did not receive the right to vote in the U.S. until 1920.

In the professional world women have been excluded from many professions over the years and then when one finally does break into the profession they must persist through massive amounts of discrimination. Take Elizabeth Blackwell who was the first female to receive an M.D. she went into an all male profession and had to struggle through a lot to succeed. According to a study done by Cornell University professional discrimination still continues today. Although some experts believe that the...
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