Grand Canyon University
Gender Differences and Similarities
Gender Differences and Similarities
When we think of gender, the most common difference we think of is male and female, or boy and girl. Gender is defined as the sociocultural characteristics as well as the psychological characteristics associated with our sex (Crooks). When we classify someone as a man or woman we often refer to the person’s sex or the person’s biological differentiation (Class Lecture Notes). The differentiation can be separated in two ways and these include genetic sex and anatomical sex (Class Lecture Notes). When we think of males and females we all have our own vision of what the specific gender role should be. Many people view males as dominant and the men feel they have to live up to that description. Women on the other hand are the sensitive and loving ones in society. Along with the biological differentiation between males and females there are many other differences as well. A few of these include brain differences, aggression and communication.
With the brain differences between males and females, men seem to perform better in certain categories than women tend to. For example, men tend to perform better on mathematical tasks while women tend to perform better on verbal tasks (Class Lecture Notes). At the brain’s broadest level, there is a significant difference in the overall size. When the brain reaches full adult size, the male’s brain is 15% larger than the female brain (Crooks). Numerous studies link differences between the male and female hypothalamus to the presence or absence of circulating testosterone during prenatal differentiation (Crooks). The hypothalamus is a small structure in the central core of the brain that regulates motivated behavior and emotional expression (Crooks). Much research has focused on gender differences in different areas of intellectual achievement (Voyer). Along with the advantage in mathematics, males also had an advantage in scientific tests.
Aggression is another difference between males and females. Aggression is defined as violent behavior toward another person. Authors have suggested that the gender differences vary depending on the type of aggression. For example, males are likely to be more physically aggressive while females are likely to be more relationally aggressive (Class Lecture Notes). With men being more likely to engage in physical aggression both males and females tend to engage in verbal aggressiveness. Aggression with women is very likely to come from stress and loss of self control. We see aggressive behavior a lot in men when we hear about all of the domestic violence cases. We rarely hear about these cases with women being the offender but constantly hear about them with a male offender. A very popular case right now is the case with Ray Rice and when he dragged his girlfriend out of an elevator. Ray Rice is a professional football player so he already has an aggressive personality due to the sport.
Along with brain differences and aggression, males and females also differ in their communication. Communication is the process of using words or behaviors to express or exchange information or to express ideas, thoughts, feelings to another person. Boys are known to engage in more report and facts communication while girls engage more in rapport and relationship based communication (Class Lecture Notes). Men will also engage in conversation regarding sports and cars while women will engage in conversation regarding other people and are usually the ones to start rumors. The author, John Gray, wrote a book Men are From Mars, Women are From Venus, that suggests that because of the difference in communication, they seem to be from different planets. When a problem arises, men tend to keep the problem to themselves while women on the other hand tend to talk to other women about the problem and try to make a decision...
References: Crooks, Robert, and Karla Baur. Our sexuality. 12th ed., International ed. Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth ;, 2013. Print.
Grand Canyon University. Class Lecture Notes
Lieberman, Simma. "Differences in Male and Female Communication Styles." Differences in Male and Female Communication Styles. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Sept. 2014. .
Voyer, D., & Voyer, S. D. (2014). Gender differences in scholastic achievement: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 140(4), 1174-1204. doi:10.1037/a0036620
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