Gender and Society

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Gender & Society http://gas.sagepub.com/ Gendering Agricultural Aid: An Analysis of Whether International
Development Assistance Targets Women and Gender
Elizabeth Ransom and Carmen Bain
Gender & Society 2011 25: 48
DOI: 10.1177/0891243210392571
The online version of this article can be found at: http://gas.sagepub.com/content/25/1/48 Published by: http://www.sagepublications.com On behalf of:

Sociologists for Women in Society

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GENDERING AGRICULTURAL AID
An Analysis of Whether
International Development Assistance
Targets Women and Gender
ELIZABETH RANSOM
University of Richmond
CARMEN BAIN
Iowa State University
Gender-based inequalities constrain women’s ability to participate in efforts to enhance agricultural production and reduce poverty and food insecurity. To resolve this, development organizations have targeted women and more recently “mainstreamed” gender within their agricultural aid programs. Through an analysis of agricultural-related development aid, we examine whether funded agricultural projects have increasingly targeted women and/or gender. Our results show that the number of agricultural aid projects and the dollar amounts targeting women/gender increased between 1978 and 2003. However, the increase was modest and, as a percentage of all agricultural development aid, has declined since the late 1990s. Significantly, this decline occurs at a time when there are an increasing number of women engaged in agriculture. Our findings suggest



Citations: http://gas.sagepub.com/content/25/1/48.refs.html >> Version of Record - Jan 20, 2011 What is This? Downloaded from gas.sagepub.com at Flinders University on August 18, 2013 Downloaded from gas.sagepub.com at Flinders University on August 18, 2013 Ransom and Bain / GENDERING AGRICULTURAL AID   49 countries, there is a renewed impetus among governments and international bodies to support international development aid for agriculture (Mehra and Rojas 2008; World Bank 2007) of poverty and food insecurity (Mehra and Rojas 2008; World Bank, FAO, and International Fund for Agricultural Development 2009). poverty and food insecurity (World Bank, FAO, and International Fund for Agricultural Development 2009) fiber is critical (Boserup 1970; Carr 2008; Momsen 2004). Women not only “grow food, sell food, buy food, prepare food” (Bunch and Mehra 2008, 2), world of commercial agriculture (Momsen 2004). It is estimated that women are responsible for producing half of the world’s food and the majority— projects (Carr 2008; Hurni and Osman-Elasha 2009; Sachs 1996). Downloaded from gas.sagepub.com at Flinders University on August 18, 2013 50   GENDER & SOCIETY / February 2011

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