Gender and Personality Theories
Strengths and Limitations
- Freud 's theory of gender and personality has strengths in that he was one of the first to investigate the relationship.
- Limitations were that he was stuck in the stage were children were in a stage where they were fixated with genital development and this was the difference in healthy mental development
- Jacques Lacan also believed in the gender orientation of both females and males in the childhood stage with role playing. Believing in feminism, the self was often in conflict with the patriarchal suppressions causing inner conflict.
- Critics believed he maintained this philosophy throughout his work as a psychoanalyst.
- Mark Blechner was a later psychologist who developed ideas in the areas of dreams, gender, sexuality, and HIV/AIDS.
- He founded an clinic that specialized in psychological support of people with HIV along with their caregivers
Biological Factors of Personality
- Gender is a biological characteristic of the perception of being female or male.
- Testes of males begin to develop around the seventh week after conception and for females the ovaries around the twelfth week
- Some traits are thought to be inherited such as the tendency toward athleticism.
Societal Factors of Gender
- Social learning may involve treatment of child
- Blue is for boys, pink is for girls
- Boys play with trucks, girls play with dolls
- Socially a child is expected to behave in a certain manner.
- Boys are discouraged from behaviors that mimic female counterparts. Females are not treated as much.
Cultural Factors of Personality
- Traditions , symbols and rites of culture affect the personality
- Passing on experiences and social interactions makes the child act in a way that emulates their society.
- Cross-culturally women are higher in neuroticism and agreeableness.
References: Gawali, C.(2012). The impact of gender on development of big five (OCEAN) personality factors . Indian Streams Research Journal, 2, 1-5. Mass, L. (2009). On the recovery of psychoanalysis. Gay & Lesbian Review Worldwide, 16, 16-18 . Wang N. & Wen Y (2012). In room nineteen why did Susan commit suicide? Reconsidering gender relations from a Doris Lessing 's novel. Studies in Literature & Language, 4, 65-74.