Gcse Music Ocr

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GCSE OCR Music Notes
Baroque (1600 – 1750)

1. Approx. date: 17th and 18th Centuries (1600 and 1750)

2. Instruments: Violin, Viola, Cello, Harpsichord, Organ, Recorder, Flute, Oboe

3. Typical forms/structures: Opera, Oratorio, Fugue, Suite, Sonata, Concerto

4. Composers and their works/pieces:
Purcell – Dido and Aeneas
Vivaldi – The four seasons
J. S Bach – Mass in B Minor
Monteverdi – L’Orfeo
Handel – Messiah
Domenico Scarlatti – Keyboard Sonatas
J. S Bach – The well – tempered clavier

Romantic (1810 – 1900) 2. Instruments: Full Orchestra, Concert Grand Piano, Violin, Cor Anglais

3. Typical forms/structures: Opera, Music Drama, Programme Music, Song Cycles, Short Piano Pieces

4. Composers and their works/pieces:
Weber – Der FreischÜtz
Rossini – William Tell
Wagner – The flying Dutchman
Verdi – Aida
Schubert – Die schÖne MÜllerin
Chopin – Four Ballads and other piano music
Tchaikovsky – Swan Lake and Symphony no.6

5. Other details:
Romanticism in art, literature and music moved away from Classicism by allowing emotional content to dominate form.

Classical (1750 – 1810) * Melody: * Simple * Sometimes decorated with ornaments (trills, grace notes, mordent, turns) * Harmony: * Simple * no harsh dissonant chords * based mostly on primary chords * Phrasing: * Balanced * regular 4 bar phrases * Question and answer, not call and response. * Orchestra: * Small orchestra, * mostly strings with a few woodwind and brass, * Percussion is mostly timpani playing tonic and dominant, also could include piano. * Composer: * Mozart * Haydn and Beethoven * Concerto:
3 movements – fast –slow-fast
Soloist demonstrates virtuosity during cadenza (end of first movement)
Usually a soloist and orchestra

Composers and their pieces:
Mozart: Don Giovanni, Die Zalberfloute, as well as many dances/concertos etc

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