GCSE Geography Controlled Assessment

Topics: Website, Tourism, Erosion Pages: 5 (2839 words) Published: November 18, 2014

GCSE Geography Controlled Assessment
When I visited Box Hill my main objective was to analyse the effects of tourism on Box Hill’s ecosystem and how the people at Box Hill have dealt with the effects, I will visit 4 sites which are Upper Burford Spur, Lower Burford Spur, Viewpoint and Broadwoods Tower. All of this was linked to either the weather, the surroundings, the species nearby or the tourism. All my results will be linked to my vegetation transect. My vegetation transect will have information on each site such as the percentage of bare ground, the percentage of vegetation, the maximum height of species and the soil compaction. My vegetation transect will be split into 3 parts, 0 metres from the path, 3 metres from the path and 6 metres from the path. The first method I used to collect results was the proportional circle map, a proportional circle map represents the population of people at the four different sites at Box Hill. The first thing I did was I created a scale for which I could use as a key for my results. The more people in one site, the bigger the radius of the circle would be e.g 0.5cm=1 person, 1cm=2people. I would also categorise each site into Male, Female and Animals then I would sub-categorise Male and Female into Children, Adults and Seniors. Site 1 showed 4 children, 1 adult and no seniors however it showed a total of 4 animals, which was the highest total amount of animals in any of the sites I analysed. This was because there was a lot of vegetation in Site 1 and the max length of vegetation reached up to 71cm, so there were most likely more animals which I did not spot, this may be because there are over 40 plants and animals per 1 square metre. I believe that the high amount of animals spotted was because of the amount of vegetation and the height of the vegetation, there was a total of 92% of vegetation combined in each transect out of a total 100%, this shows there was probably a lot of food and nutrients in these sites and the high vegetation gave the animals a warm and secluded atmosphere. The next method of analysis I used was the Soil Compaction column graph. Soil Compaction is the term used to describe how hard/compact the soil is. I measured this by using a metre stick and pushing into the ground as far as possible, if the metre stick was able to push really deep into the soil it showed low soil compaction however if the metre stick couldn’t break through the soil then it shows high soil compaction. I split the graph into the 3 parts because of the transect my group chose, so it would be 0 metres from the path, 3 metres from the path and 6 metres from the path. On the first transect (0 metres) the results showed that site 1 had the lowest soil compaction, site 2 and 3 had the joint highest and site 4 had a slightly low soil compaction. This was because the ground in site 1 was very damp which allowed the metre stick to push really deep into the soil, site 2 and 3 were chalk downland environments so it was nearly impossible to break through the soil, this shows the effects of distance decay because site 2 is a long distance from site 4(the honeypot site) and it shows high effects of tourism via the pathway erosion, meanwhile site 4 was just dry mud so it was moderately difficult to break through but not impossible. The second transect (3 metres) had higher totals in the results because it was away from the path and more closer to the vegetation. The highest Soil Compaction was Site 1 as the results showed it was 168mm and the lowest was site 2 which was 87mm. Site 2 was the lowest because the soil was still a mixture of mud and chalk so the surface still a bit hard, Site 1 was the highest because there was a lot of bare ground exposure (24% bare ground) and the surface was quite damp and moist which made it easier to break through. In the final transect (6 metres) the results were quite similar to the previous transect because the conditions between each transect was the...

Bibliography: Name of Website
Information on Box Hill
Background Information on Box Hill
GCSE Geography Textbook by Pallister and Jennings
To find out key words for controlled assessment
Google maps
To find location of Box Hill
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