Topics: Gastroenteritis, Dehydration, Oral rehydration therapy Pages: 4 (672 words) Published: March 5, 2012
Gastroenteritis (Gastro) is a very common illness in our community, most people think that people get this illness is because of the meal they ate and gave them food poisoning. It also can cause by viruses, bacteria, parasites, chemicals, drugs and food allergy that infect stomach and bowel system. (NHMRC 2005, p.58)


* Diarrhea
* Abdominal cramps
* Vomiting
* Nausea
* Fever
* Headache

Because of the symptoms of vomiting and diarrhea, people who have gastroenteritis can become dehydrated very quickly. It is very important to watch for signs of dehydration, which include: * Extreme thirst

* Urine that is darker in color
* Dry skin
* Dry mouth
* Sunken cheeks or eyes
* In infants, dry diapers (for more than 4-6 hours)
(Cleveland Clinic 2006)
Infectious stage

People are infectious for as long as the organisms are present in their faeces, whether or not they have symptoms. (NHMRC 2005, p.58)

* Plenty of fluids
* Oral rehydration drinks, available from chemist
* Admission to hospital and intravenous fluid replacement, in severe cases * Antibiotics, if bacteria are the cause
* Drugs to kill the parasites, if parasites are the cause * Avoiding anti-vomiting or anti-diarrhoea drugs unless prescribed or recommended by doctor, because these medications will keep the infection inside the body. We do the treatment depends on what caused the gastro. Normally, our body can fight off the disease on its own, but if children with diarrhea or vomiting may have dehydration and they need extra fluid to replace what they lose. Plenty of fluids are most popular treatment that we offer. In addition, some of fluids got too much sugar and it can lead to more dehydration and illness if we provide the wrong kind of fluid. (Department of Health 2011)

Exclusion conditions

Children should not attend to centre while they got gastroenteritis, until...

Bibliography: CYH Home 2011, Gastroenteritis, viewed 21 August 2011, <>
Cleveland Clinic 2006, Gastroenteritis, viewed 22 August 2011,
Department of Health 2011, gastroenteritis – an overview, viewd 23 August 2011, <>
National Health and Medical Researcg Council 2005, Gastroenteritis, 4th edn, Australian Government
Search Medica 2011, exclusion from school, viewed 21 August 2011, <>
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