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A fixed position layout is usually adopted for large projects such as shipbuilding or road construction. Discuss why this is the case and why you feel that any other type of layout would be perhaps inappropriate.
Fixed position layout is one of the four basic types of layouts which are used in the production of goods or service deliveries. This layout is mainly used in the manufacturing, assembling and movement of the products that are too heavy, large or fragile to move (Mahadevan, 2010). According to definition of Qin and Haung (2010) in the configuration of fixed position layout, the product is not moved from the place of manufacturing for its entire period. While workers, machines and materials keep moving to the site throughout the manufacturing period. The term “fixed position” refers to the stationary position of materials, labors, equipments and instructions which are brought to the workplace and the services that are delivered to the location of customer. An example of fixed position production layout is the Boeing facility in Everett, Washington where some of the largest airliners of the world are built using fixed production layout (Pride, Hughes and Kapoor, 2011). The airline manufacturing company does not move the product before finishing it because moving people, parts and machinery is much easier than moving such a large jet airliner.
The use of fixed position layout becomes indispensible in the situations where other types of layouts are inappropriate. For instance, in the construction of oil rigs, the functional layout would not be appropriate layout where different parts of the product are manufactured in different departments, then shifted and compiled in another department (Miltenburg, 2005). On the other hand in fixed position layout, all the required equipments and labor are essentially moved to the site in each step of job performance. Similarly,