MAHATMA K. GANDHI VERSUS GENGHIS KHAN
Emre Can Petek, International University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo April 9, 2013
There are so many leaders in this world who shaped the destiny and created a new order for their countries. Two of very popular leaders are Mahatma Gandhi(India) and Genghis Khan(Mongolia). This research makes an analysis of these specific leaders, with focusing on their skills and how they changed the world, the ways they used while they were in charge. This paper will mention their lives also their strong characteristics, what they have in common or different sides of each. Thus, this paper will try to reach to an end whose methods are more proper or which one did better jobs. Key words: Mahatma Gandhi, Genghis Khan, conquest, freedom, violence, riot, culture , systems, orders, power, ideas
In this world, there were so many leaders who shaped the history by fighting in war arena or by their ideas, thinking ways or attitudes etc. But their main aim was to solve the problems in their countries or to conquer new territories to spread their culture and to have strong position in world politics.These were the main goal of all great leaders in the history. For achieving goals, leaders could use so variable methods such as having wins in the war arena or without using bullets as Mahatma Gandhi did. But, we should not forget that whatever they do is for sake of their countries and new generations who will grow up in those regions. In this paper, I will briefly analyze Mahatma Gandhi and Genghis Khan, their leadership skills, why they are important and how they brought the new orders into system and world politics. Both of them did so many sacrifies while doing these revolutions, they didn’t see their families so much as an example. The paper will focus on especially how they did achieve their success, what ways they did use while the process. Thus, this paper will try to have a conclusion about their successes and how they brought the changes into world. MAHATMA K. GANDHI
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was a British trained lawyer of Indian origin from South Africa. He had won his political spurs organising the Indian community there against the vicious system of apartheid. During this struggle, he had developed the novel technique of non-violent agitatiowhich he called 'satyagraha', loosely translated as moral domination. He was thus heir to the ancient traditions of Gautama Buddha, Mahavir Jain and emperor Ashoka, and was later given the title of Mahatma, or Great Soul. Gandhi, himself a devout Hindu, also espoused a total moral philosophy of tolerance, brotherhood of all religions, non-violence (ahimsa) and of simple living. He adopted an austere traditional Indian style of living, which won him wide popularity and transformed him into the undisputed leader of the Congress. As Jawaharlal Nehru said, "He was a powerful current of fresh air that made us stretch ourselves and take a deep breath" and revitalised the Freedom Movemen Under his leadership, the Congress launched a series of mass movements - the Non Cooperation Movement of 1920 -1922 and the Civil Disobedience Movement in 1930. The latter was triggered by the famous Salt March, when Gandhi captured the imagination of the nation by leading a band of followers from his ashram at Sabarmati, on a 200 mile trek to the remote village of Dandi on the west coast, there to prepare salt in symbolic violation of British law. These were populist movements in which people from all classes and all parts of India participated with great fervour. Women too, played an active role in the struggle. Sarojini Naidu, Aruna Asaf Ali and Bhikaji Cama, to name but a few, inspired millions of others to take the first step on the road to emancipation and equality. In August 1942, the Quit India movement was launched. "I want freedom immediately, this very night before dawn if it can be had.'.. we shall free India or die in the attempt, we shall not live...
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