Gandhi was born in the town of Porbander, and received his schooling in Rajkot where his father was an advisor to the local ruler. Mohandas Gandhi married a girl named Kasturba. Both were thirteen years old at the time. At the age of 19, Gandhi decided to travel to England to receive his degree in law. Gandhi left his son Harilal who was a few months old with his wife.
While in England, Mohandas came across new cultures, people, and ideas. Gandhi quickly received his law degree and was called to the bar in 1891, but returned to India later that year. After opening an unsuccessful law office, Mohandas Gandhi accepted an offer of an Indian businessman to be the man’s legal advisor, and moved to South Africa. During Gandhi’s twenty year stay in Africa, he began to see European racism and nationalism. Mohandas soon became the leader of the African-Indian community, and developed satayagraha to signify his non-violent practices.
Gandhi returned to India in early 1915. For the next two years, Mohandas traveled India to become familiar with Indian conditions. He became involved in multiple local stuggles, earning himself a growing reputation as an Indian leader for peaceful actions. Mohandas Gandhi was soon given the name Mahatma, or ‘great soul’ from Rabindranath Tagore, India’s most well-known writer of the time.
Following the Amritsar massacre, in which over 400 Indian peaceful protestors were killed by British soldiers, Gandhi wrote his report of the Punjab Congress Committee, which encouraged Indians to withdraw themselves from anything associated with Britain.
Gandhi’s decided to disband his movement following the death of a score of Indian policemen by Muslims. Gandhi was arrested and charged with sedition by the British, but was soon released from