Fungi

Good Essays
Topics: Fungus
a good report on fungus -

The kingdom of Fungi contains single-celled and multicellular organisms that absorb nutrients for food. Fungi, together with bacteria decay and decompose organic matter. Some fungi can be parasitic and cause serious diseases in plants and animals. Though considered an individual kingdom today, traditionally fungi were classified as plants with no stems, leaves, or chlorophyll. About 100,000 species of fungi are known.

Most fungi are made of protoplasm-containing tubes called hyphae, sometimes divided by walls called septa. Hyphae grow by branching and elongating. When there is an abundance of hyphae, the fungus forms into a larger structure such as mushrooms or puffballs. Some fungi form spherical masses called sclerotia, which range in size from a grain of sand to a cantaloupe.

Spores are the most common way of fungi to reproduce. Spores are tiny particles of protoplasm within walls. A single fungus may produce from several million to several trillion spores. Spores are formed in two ways, the first, the union of two or more nuclei within a specialized cell or cells. Oospores, zygospores, ascospores, and basidiospores are made in this way. The other method involves the transformation of hyphae into numerous segments or short parts. Oidia, conidia, and sporangiospores are formed in this asexual process.

Fungus can be classified many different ways with complicated systems. Mycologists, mycology scientists, usually use a simple system with four main groups. Oomycota, Zygomycota, Ascomycota, and Basidiomycota are the main phyla which fungi are classified into. There is a fifth major phylum, Deuteromycota, also called Fungi Imperfecti, in which a few organisms are loosely grouped into because they are difficult to classify, many of them are related to bacteria in some ways.

Spores from fungi are carried for long distances in the atmosphere. Water areas are often filled with chytrids and other water molds. Many fungi have been discovered

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Fungi

    • 923 Words
    • 4 Pages

    differentiate between bacteria, fungi and yeast, we plant four different microbes in plates under the same environment for one week and compare the growth of the four microbes by macroscopic and microscopic observation. Meanwhile, the diversity of bacteria and fungi in humans, the environment and wood could be observed. In addition, the four substrates are cultured in two media, MEA and NA, under the same condition. Thus, how nutrients affect the growth of bacteria and fungi could be achieved. During the…

    • 923 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    fungi

    • 408 Words
    • 2 Pages

    A fungus (/ˈfʌŋɡəs/; plural: fungi[3] or funguses[4]) is a member of a large group of eukaryoticorganisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds (British English: moulds), as well as the more familiar mushrooms. These organisms are classified as a kingdom, Fungi, which is separate from plants, animals, protists and bacteria. One major difference is that fungal cells have cell walls that contain chitin, unlike the cell walls of plants and some protists, which contain cellulose, and…

    • 408 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    THE IMPORTANCE OF FUNGI

    • 3226 Words
    • 13 Pages

    TOPIC: THE IMPORTANCE OF FUNGI IN; MEDICINE INDUSTRY THE ENVIRONMENT {DR OLASEINDE G.} INTRODUCTION Fungi are tremendously important to human society and the planet we live on. They provide fundamental products including foods, medicines, and enzymes important to industry. They are also the unsung heroes of nearly all terrestrial ecosystems, hidden from view but inseparable from the processes that sustain life on the planet. THE MEDICAL IMPORTANCE OF FUNGI Most Fungal genera have tremendous…

    • 3226 Words
    • 13 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Protists and Fungi

    • 388 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Bonus Assignment: Protist & Fungi 1.Complete Chapter 21.1 Assessment, page 605, numbers 1-3. 1. a. Protist- a protest is a eukaryote that is not a member of the plant, animal, or fungi kingdom b. compare the updated classification of protists with the older one. Recently the protest kingdom has been divided into six major clades. These new found clades relate some of the protists to animals and fungi. 2.What are the four major ways protists can move? Provide an explanation for each. How…

    • 388 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Kingdom Fungi

    • 539 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Chapter 21 Notes: Kingdom Fungi! Name_________________________ 21-1: The Kingdom Fungi A. What Are Fungi? Fungi include MANY DIFFERENT types of organisms From tiny yeast cells To the one of the largest organisms in the world! Fungi are: Multicellular (except for yeasts) Eukaryotic Heterotrophic Decomposers: decompose dead and decaying material -Recyclers! -Secrete enzymes OUTSIDE bodies - Absorb digested nutrients Hyphae: long, slender, root-like filament Septa: cross-walls…

    • 539 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Types of Fungi

    • 1486 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Lab 4: Fungi Non-filamentous forms — Single-celled Yeasts Do an Internet search for a microscopic image of baker’s yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Ascomycota). Answer the following questions: 1. Do the yeast cells have a definite shape or is there considerable variation? Yeast cells seem to vary in shape, some look to be more oval and round, although. some slides did show pear and cylinder shapes. 2. Can you detect any subcellular structure? I cannot detect a clearly visible…

    • 1486 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Bioluminescence in Fungi

    • 2122 Words
    • 9 Pages

    Bioluminescence in Fungi INTRODUCTION What is Bioluminescence? The current paper main focus is on bioluminescent Fungi but the basic features of bioluminescence discussed are common to all bioluminescent organisms. Bioluminescence is simply light created by living organisms. Probably the most commonly known example of bioluminescence by North Americans is the firefly, which lights its abdomen during its mating season to communicate with potential mates. This bioluminescent ability occurs in…

    • 2122 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Ap Bio- Fungi

    • 2009 Words
    • 9 Pages

    DOLP- Fungi General Structure and Function: For many years, fungi were classified into the plantae kingdom because the two kingdoms seemed to be alike; but now, we know that they are all too different. In fact, the fungi kingdom is more closely related to the animalia kingdom. Some of the only notable similarities between the fungi and plantae kingdoms are that they are both made of eukaryotic cells, both immobile, both contain cell walls (although made of different material), and both evolved…

    • 2009 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    288:57.04]:725 DOI:10.2298/ZMSPN0916245L M i l i c a V. L j a l j e v i ã G r b i ã J e l e n a B. V u k o j e v i ã Institute of Botany and Botanical Garden “Jevremovac", University of Belgrade, Takovska 43, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia ROLE OF FUNGI IN BIODETERIORATION PROCESS OF STONE IN HISTORIC BUILDINGS ABSTRACT: Fungal ability in production of pigments and organic acids have crucial role in discoloration and degradation of different types of stone in cultural heritage objects. Additionally…

    • 2167 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Diversity of Life: Fungi

    • 1152 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Biology: Unit 1: Diversity Of Life Fungi Fungi: are multi-cellular heterotrophs that use external digestion, and often grow out of sight, underground → fungi have nothing in common with plants other then the fact that they are stationary, and grow in the ground. They are not photosynthetic, and they do not produce their own food. Characteristics/ Cell Structure: * Mesh like bodies, composed of branching networks of filaments called mycelium * Mycelium: a branched mass of hyphae…

    • 1152 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays