FUNDAMENTALS OF RHYTHM
Rhythmic Activity is an activity wherein the individual response physically and emotionally to music or any rhythmic accompaniment. In all nature, every individual makes rhythm like foot tapping, head movement, body sway while music is playing.
Definition of terms
* Rhythm is a measured motion of flow characterized basically by regular recurrence of elements or features as beats, sounds, or accents. This definition implies measurement of time, space, and energy. All works of art require rhythm. Rhythm is most clearly seen through dance – the art of movement. * Dancing is a means of expressing one’s emotions through movement disciplined by rhythm. It is an art of moving rhythmically and expressively to an accompaniment. The term “Dancing” came from an old German word “danson” which means “to stretch”. * Dance refers to the rhythmic succession of body movements usually to the accompaniment of music and is used as a form of communication.
Elements of Rhythm
All movements are affected by the element of rhythm. These elements should be learned and understood in relation to dance.
1. Underlying Beat is the steady continuous sound that is heard or felt throughout any rhythmical sequence. This constant steady pulsation is sometimes called pulse beat. The underlying beat determines the time signature of a piece of music or movements. 2. Measure refers to the identical grouping of underlying beats. This group of notes is between two bar lines. 3. Rhythmic Pattern is a definite grouping of sounds or beats related to the underlying beat. It is also called melody pattern because the rhythmic pattern follows the words or melody. There is a relationship between the word pattern, rhythmic pattern and underlying beat. 4. Phrasing is a group of measures that gives a feeling of unity. Learning to identify or recognize phrases is essential to learning and creating dances. 5. Accent is the force or emphasis given to any one beat in a series of pulse beat in a measure. 6. Tempo is the rate of speed of movement, music or accompaniment. It may be fast, it may be moderate or it may be slow. 7. Intensity is the quality of the movement or music. It refers to dynamic or force, such as heavy and light.
1. Locomotor Movements are used to move the body from one place to another or to project body upward as in jumping and hopping.
* Walking – moving at moderate pace on feet, lifting one foot only after the other foot has touched the floor or ground. Legs swing from the hips while the arms swing naturally at sides * Running – moving on foot with springing steps at rapid pace such that for an instant both feet are off the ground during each step. * Jumping – springing and taking off with one foot and landing on both feet. * Hopping – springing on one foot and landing on the same foot. * Skipping – same procedure as in hopping but bouncing lightly with alternative steps and hops. * Leaping – springing on one foot and landing on the other foot. * Galloping – moving in continuous forward or sideward direction with one foot leading. * Sliding – gliding along the floor with either foot.
2. Non Locomotor Movements are performed without appreciable movements from one place to place or movements of the various parts of the body in fixed base. * Flexion – bending or shortening of a body part occurring a joint. * Extension – turning, twisting or circling
* Arm Shoulder Circling
* Pendular – swinging/swaying arms forward, backward or sideward. * Percussive – striking and hitting; pushing or pulling * Vibratory – shaking and beating
* Sustained – a slow, smooth flowing movement with a balance of movement throughout the entire series. * Suspend – a sharp movement followed by a series of slow or prolonged movements until a peak is reached. 3. Manipulative Skills involve object handling that develops...
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