Fundamental Religious Orientation of the New England and Southern Colonies, and Its Impact on General Value Systems.

Topics: Protestant Reformation, Christianity, Protestantism Pages: 3 (1104 words) Published: August 28, 2013
Fundamental religious orientation of the New England and Southern colonies, and its impact on general value systems. Fundamental religious orientation in Europe was primarily and predominately the Roman Catholic Church, until a German Roman Catholic monk, Martin Luther, nailed his written, 95 Theses on the door of the castle church in Willenberg Germany, in 1517. This began the Protestant Reformation. Another Protestant Church break-away from the Roman Catholic Church began when King Henry VIII of England persuaded the Parliament of his country to pass the Act of Supremacy, making him the head of the Church of England. Originally, King Henry VIII was Roman Catholic, until he wanted to divorce his wife Catherine. Pope Clement VII refused to grant him a divorce, so with his new power as the head of the Church of England granted, King Henry VIII divorced his wife using his own authority. Pope Clement VII excommunicated King Henry VII from the Catholic Church. In 1534, the Church of England became the official. The Church of England was a state church, so everyone in England had to pay taxes for it. Protestant “isms” or beliefs began to flourish. Calvanism, founded by John Calvin lead to religious Puritanism, Presbyterianism and the Dutch Reform Church. The English Puritans were members of the radical Protestant sect that followed the teachings of John Calvin. They wanted their own Congregational churches, and they wanted to elect their own ministers. The Church of England refused their requests. The Church of England began to persecute the Puritans. They were no longer allowed admittance to the Universities in England. The Puritans wanted to “purify” the Church of England and have them revert back to the days of the Acts of the Apostles. They disapproved of secular amusements like dancing and card playing, and also they did not approve of many things being used within the Church of England, i.e. silk and satin vestments, incense, elaborate polyphonic music, silver...
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