Functions of Blood Vessels

Topics: Heart, Blood vessel, Artery Pages: 5 (803 words) Published: July 11, 2015
Name: Kelly Jamison

Blood vessels carry blood throughout the entire body. The names of some blood vessels are related to the region which they supply or drain. Most named veins will have the same name of its accompanying artery. Review the blood vessels of the various regions of the body listed below. Cranial cavity

Head and neck
Thoracic cavity
Upper extremity
Abdominopelvic cavity
Lower extremity

Some Major Blood Vessels
Directions: Complete the table below indicating the area where blood flows based on the blood vessel carrying it. Head

Artery
Blood goes to (organ/region)
Blood comes from (organ/region)
Vein
Common carotid Right & Left
head & neck
R: brachiocephalic trunk / aortic arch; L: aortic arch
Jugular
Internal & External
Thoracic Cavity

Artery
Blood goes to (organ/region)
Blood comes from (organ/region)
Vein
Aorta
Systemic circuit
Systemic circuit
Vena cava
Supeior & Inferior
Coronary
Right & Left
myocardium of heart
aortic arch
Coronary
Right & Left
Brachiocephalic
head, neck, & right arm
aortic arch
Brachiocephalic

Subclavian
Right & Left
head, neck, & upper limbs
R: brachiocephalic trunk / aortic arch; L: aortic arch
Subclavian
Right & Left
Pulmonary
lungs
pulmonary trunk
Pulmonary

Upper Extremity (Arm)

Artery
Blood goes to (organ/region)
Blood comes from (organ/region)
Vein
Axillary
axilla, chest wall, & shoulder girdle
aortic arch / right subclavian artery
Axillary

Brachial
anterior flexor muscles of arm
axillary / aortic arch / R. subclavian artery
Brachial

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Medial cubital

Radial
lateral muscles of forearm, wrist, thumb & index finger
brachial / axillary / aortic arch / R. subclavian arteries
Radial

Ulnar
medial aspect of forearm, finger 3-5 & medial aspect of index finger brachial / axillary / aortic arch / R. subclavian arteries
Ulnar

Abdomino-pelvic Cavity

Artery
Blood goes to (organ/region)
Blood comes from (organ/region)
Vein
Hepatic
stomach, abdomen & pancreas
celiac trunk / abdominal aorta
Hepatic

////////////////////

Hepatic portal

Gastric
Right & Left
L: stomach & inferior esophagus; R: lesser curvature of stomach celiac trunk / abdominal aorta
Gastric
Right & Left
Splenic
pancreas, stomach & spleen
celiac trunk / abdominal aorta
Splenic

Mesenteric
Superior & Inferior
S: pancreas, small intestine, large intestine, appendix, cecum & colon; I: distal part of large intestine, transverse colon & midrectum S: abdominal aorta at L1 below celiac trunk; I: anterior aortic surface at L3 / abdominal aorta Mesenteric

Superior & Inferior
Renal
Right & Left
kidney on respective side
lateral surfaces of aorta below superior mesenteric artery (between L1 & L2) Renal
Right & Left
Lumbar
posterior abdominal wall
posterolateral surface of aorta in lumbar region
Lumbar

Iliac
Common, Internal & External
C: lower abdominal wall, pelvic organs & lower limbs; I: pelvic walls, bladder, rectum, uterus & vagina in females, prostate in male, gluteal muscles, adductor muscles of medial thigh & external genitalia and perineum; E: lower limbs C: abdominal aorta at L4 level; I: common iliac artery / abdominal aorta; E: common iliac artery / abdominal aorta Iliac

Common, Internal & External
Gonadal
Right & Left
testicular in male; ovarian in female
abdominal aorta
Gonadal
Right & Left
Lower Extremity (Leg)

Artery
Blood goes to (organ/region)
Blood comes from (organ/region)
Vein
Femoral

thigh muscles
common iliac artery / abdominal aorta
Femoral
Popliteal

knee region and tibia
femoral artery / common iliac artery / abdominal aorta
Popliteal
Tibial
Anterior & Posterior
A: extensor muscles in anterior compartment of leg / becomes dorsalis pedis artery supplying ankle & foot; P: flexor muscles of posteromedial part of leg, lateral fibular muscles, plantar surface of foot & toes both:...
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