Full list of FIGURE OF SPEECH

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Rizal Technological University
College of Education
Major in English
(Assignment in Stylistics English 107)
Submitted by: Alfred Jefferson M. Reclosado

Introduction:
Figure of Speech
Figures of speech (or 'rhetorical tropes') are ways of using words that may seem unusual but have a specific and desired effect. Read as 'normal words' they often break normal rules of grammar, but can be nevertheless understood they are common in poetry and eloquent speech.
'Figures of speech' is often used generically, and the big list here includes not only figures of speech but also a wider range of rhetorical and linguistic devices.

Discussion:

Kinds of Figure of Speech
Zeugma is the joining of two or more parts of a sentence with a common word, usually a verb.
Example:
She wore a pink hat and a beatific smile.
In the morning, happy she was, and in the evening and dark night too.
Time makes older adults wiser and younger adults less wise.
Walking up and down.
Discussion:
Zeugma uses ellipsis in omission of the second verb or noun. Thus rather than saying 'walking up and down' you should really say 'walking up and walking down.' Zeugma is thus a convenient abbreviation of language and appears often and unconsciously in speech as we are economical with words. It may also be used deliberately for conciseness or other effect.
Zeugma also uses parallelism in that there are multiple clauses in which the joining word applies.
The way things are linked together can be used to comic effect, such as 'He held a high rank and an old notepad.'
Verb zeugma:
There are three types of verb zeugma, depending on whether the verb is at the start, middle or end of the sentence:
Prozeugma, also called praeiunctio or injunctum, is where an early verb governs later clauses, such as 'Fear makes us cautious, resentful and sometimes dangerous.'
Mesozeugma, also called conjuntum, is where a verb in the middle governs parallel clauses either side of it, such as 'Nothing would

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