Ftv 106a

Powerful Essays
FTV 106A – Midterm Study Guide
TA: Matthew Perkins 1A
IDs – People to Know:
• Eadweard Muybridge (1830 – 1904) o Born in Britain, emigrated to US early in life, by the 1870s had become a very prominent photographer, mostly photographed nature and animals; very well known o 1872 – Leland Stanford (one of the richest in the state) questions whether or not a horse has all its feet off the ground when it gallops, hired Muybridge to take pictures of racehorses and prove or disprove this o 1877 – Muybridge built special track with a camera house with 12 electrically operated cameras, and a marked fence along the track to give precise measurements of a horse’s position in each shot → each camera fitted with an electromagnetic shutter that could take photos in succession = he discovered that horses do life all four legs off the ground; this was a huge breakthrough in visual study of motion o He could put these photos into a zoetrope and make a moving picture * 1st motion pictures were moving humans/animals (hundreds)—he did not actually produce motion pictures, but was crucial in the development in technology that would → credited with the first projected movies o 1879: developed the zoopraxiscope (a projector), which could project the images large size on a screen from a motion wheel o Published book “Animals in Motion” and toured the world with his photos
• Thomas Edison (1847 – 1931) o Late 19th C: Brilliant American Inventor and Businessman, interested only in his continuing quest to link phonography and camera and attain sound motion pictures (very exaggerated) → obsessed with creation of motion pictures
 The light bulb, gramophone, Kinetoscope, Kinetograph, phonograph, motion picture camera o Dubbed “The Wizard of Menlo Park” – credited with the creation of the first industrial research laboratory o 1887 – Phonograph, Edison’s talking machine prompted him to think about projected photographs o Edison and Muybridge meet in 1888 and discuss uniting the

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