Freudian Literary Criticism
Freudian criticism is a literary criticism that uses Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic theory to interpret literature in terms of the author's life from unconscious revelations in his work, known as psychological conflicts. It also states that Freudian critics depart from traditional criticism in reconstructing an author's life on the basis of his writings. Hamlet and Oedipus traces the problem of Hamlet's irresolution back to William Shakespeare's own Oedipal guilt. These informations provided by this article to be extremely useful. First of all, it explained what Freudian criticism is and it's theory. Secondly, it portrays how this technique is used in literatures like Hamlet and Oedipus. This explains what and how the Freudian criticism is applied within many literatures and readings. Going back to the origin of psychoanalysis, Freudian psychoanalysis is also a method of psychotherapy used in psychiatry that lasted until the 1950s. It has to do with dreams and free associations. Psychologically speaking, psychoanalysis had a lot to do with one's childhood. With knowing the psychological and scientific version of Freudian analysis, this information can be applied to how in Oedipus Rex, Oedipus has formed sexual desires towards his own mother. The Freudian criticism is interpreting and viewing a piece of literature in a psychoanalytic way. These resources provided me a lot of information about understanding literary theory and schools of criticism. First of all, the information provided explained many factors of psychoanalysis, which includes the unconscious, desires, and defenses. Sigmund Freud stated that the behavior of people is affected by their unconscious, which is influenced by our childhood events. He organized these developmental stages involving relationships with parents. Linking this with Hamlet, he may have developed a “relationship” with his own mother. According to Freud, the Oedipus complex involves children's need for...
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