Declaration of the rights of Man & the Citizen in the Reign of Terror
Fueled by the Enlightenment ideas, the French revolution from 1789 – 1815 is an event of great international importance. Not only did it mark the rise of Napoleon Bonaparte, who became one of the greatest emperor in the world history, but also marked the destruction of the Old Regime. This was when France changed from a monarchy to a republic, the first French Republic. This was the revolution that brought change in the structure of the society. The revolution, led by the middle class, meant the end of the tyranny of the King and the aristocracy and marked the rising of the working class. It marked the end of an era. But most importantly, in a world where absolute monarchy was still prevailing, and where the divine right of the King and the power of the nobility were still prevailing, the French Revolution brought about a rebellious attitude. This was a rebellion towards the old traditions which, later, started to spread the ideas of equality all over France and eventually all over Europe. This was the period when various philosophical ideas were starting to prevail all over Europe and the French republic was attempting to maintain order and peace within the country, amidst a lot of violence and bloodshed. One of the documents that stand out from this period is the Declaration of the Rights of man and the Citizen through which the government attempted to maintain order in the country. In August 1789, the national assembly published a document declaring that “men are born and remain free and equal in rights” (405). This was the Declaration of the Rights of man and the Citizen. This declaration can be considered an enlightenment document because it is filled with the ideas of Voltaire, Montesquieu and other enlightenment philosophers. The French Revolution was a social revolution. It was a revolution against inability of King Louise the XVI to address the famine that was widespread in the...
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