The political, economic, and social causes of the French Revolution affected the people of France.The French Revolution also had an impact on the world outside of France.
Throughout the years of 1789-1814, the French Revolution occurred which left a huge mark in world history. During this time period, Napoleon’s reign also also occurred. These 25 years of rebellion, violence, and misunderstanding caused huge changes, not only in France, but in other regions and nations throughout the world.
There were many political causes of the French Revolution.
“The King, Louis XVI, was absolute. He ruled by the divine right theory which held that he had received his power to govern from God and was therefore responsible to God alone.” (Document #1)
One cause of the French Revolution was having an absolute monarchy. An absolute monarchy is a ruler who governs alone and is not restrained by laws, a constitution, or customs. King Louis XVI was able to appoint civil officials and military officers, enforce laws,declare wars, raise taxes, etc. He believed that God sent him to rule the people.
There were also many economical causes of the French Revolution.
“Walking up on a long hill, to ease my mare, I was joined by a poor woman, who complained of the times, and that it was a sad country; demanding her reasons, she said her husband had but a morse of land,one cow,and a poor little horse, yet they had a franchar of wheat , and three chickens, to pay as a quit-rent to one Seigneur…” (Document #3)
One reason the French peasants were dissatisfied with their life during this period of French history was because they had to work twice as hard then the nobles and clergy, but couldn't afford anything since they had to pay unfair taxation. While the 2nd estate (nobles) and 1st estate (clergy), did not have to pay taxes and they could afford a nice living.
Lastly, there were social causes of the French Revolution.
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