April 17, 2013
Do you know what the meaning of history is? History is the study of past human affairs which we can assess changes that occurred over a period of time. Do you know what revolution is? Revolution is an aggressive rebellion of a particular government to obtain a new system. The French Revolution in France was the defeat of the Bourbon kingdom that started 1789 and ended 1799. (Google) The French Revolution was an innovative effort that affected France between the year 1789 and 1799; this was also called the Revolution of 1789. “Hence the conventional term “Revolution of 1789,” denoting the end of the ancient régime in France and serving also to distinguish that event from the later French revolutions of 1830 and 1848.” (French-Revolution) The National Assembly which happened between the year 1789 and 1791 that happened between Estates-General and the National Constituent. The purpose of the Estates-General who was called in May of 1789 was to help with the financial down fall but then it immediately started an argument over its own organization. “Its members had been elected to represent the estates of the realm: the First Estate (the clergy), the Second Estate (the nobility) and the Third Estate (which, in theory, represented all of the commoners and, in practice, represented the bourgeoisie).”(Wiki) The Third estate had twice as many representatives. They had been informed that the voting would be done by the different estates not by the boss, so that made them powerless and useless but they still continued to meet in private. As for the Legislative Assembly which took place during part of Revolutionary period and also in the Second Republic that occurred during September 1791 and they began to meet from October of 1791 to September of 1792 which was later exchanged by the National Convention. The Legislative consisted of 11 people. Antoine-Christophe Merlin was a democrat that became a leader of the organization Thermidorian which was a rebellion during the Revolution. Claude-Antoine Prieur-Duvernois was a military French engineer who worked on the Public Safety Committee. Francois-Rene-Auguste Mallarme was the president of the 1793 Convention and a French revolutionist. Georges Couthon was the French Jacobin leader. Georges Danton was also a revolutionary leader and speaker who is said to be the boss of helping rebel against the monarchy and formation of the First French Republic. Jacques-Pierre Brissot was a leader of the Brissotins. Jean-Baptiste-Robert Lindet was part of the Public Safety Committee. Lazare Carnot was a military engineer, French statesman, general and also a manger the successive governments of the French Revolution. Marguerite-Elie Guadet led the Girondin faction of the reasonable bourgeois revolutionaries. Marie-Jean-Antoine-Nicolas de Caritat was the philosopher and humanist for the educational reform. Pierre-Victurnien Vergniaud was also a French presenter during the Girondin faction that took place during the French Revolution. National Convention took place during the French Revolution that consist of meeting of the constitution and legislative body of France that began September of 1792 and ended in October of 1795 that held great power during the French First Republic first years. The Committee of Public Safety’s convention exercised executive power from 1793 to 1794. The Convention however was a success thanks to the Directory, and since then have not utilized an elected constitutional convention to draft constitutions instead they leave that up to the executive and legislative branches before having them voted on. The Directory was an establishment an office of five directors who ruled France. They ruled France after the Reign of Terror ended and the Jacobins had no power in France. This all took place during while Nation Convention was in charge. This constitution still made it impossible for a lot to vote because once you...
Cited: James, Davidson. "Launching the New Government." The American Nation. New Jersey: Pearson Education, Inc, 2003. 284-285. Print.
Jesus, Garcia, Donna Ogle, C. Frederick Risinger and Joyce Stevos. "Launching a New Republic." Creating America . McDougal Littell, 2007. 293-302. Print.
a. Summary of National Assembly (1789-1791)
c. Summary of Convention (1792-1795)
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