French Revolution

Topics: French Revolution, Age of Enlightenment, Voltaire Pages: 2 (529 words) Published: February 7, 2013
The revolution in France during the year 1789 had numerous long term causes. The causes consisted of Weak Leadership in the monarchy, the poor economical status of the country, and the spreading of the ideas brought forth during the Enlightenment Era. These problems and many others contributed to the beginning of the French Revolution due to the heavy burden placed on the third estate by the first and second estates as well as by the monarchy. In 1789, the Bourgeoisie led the third estate into the official beginning of the French Revolution. One of the main causes to the French Revolution was weak leadership. “King Lois XVI was absolute. He ruled by divine right.” (Document 1) King Lois XVI didn’t posses political training. Also, King Lois got bored easily and was extremely indecisive. France didn’t have universal laws. France had laws only by region. The combination of all of these problems caused France to suffer under his leadership. Another problem within France that directly relates to the poor leadership was the Economy. A major influence in the French Revolution was the economy. France during the reign of King Lois XVI and Marie Antoinette was in great debt. First off, there was the taxation problem. 100% of taxes were paid by the third estate (Document 3). This had the cost of living very difficult to handle for many families. Another issue was the deficit spending. The absolute monarchy spent much more money than they had, thus driving France further into debt. Along with that, Queen Marie Antoinette had a severe gambling problem, often gambling away tax money. At the beginning of the French Revolution, the National Assembly brought forward a new point. “That the taille be borne equally by all classes.” (Document 4). Also, at the beginning of the French Revolution was the spreading of enlightenment ideas. The revolution had been completed and won in the minds of many innovative individuals far before it happened for real. (Document 5) The enlightenment...
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