French Resistance

Topics: World War II, Vichy France, Allies of World War II Pages: 2 (576 words) Published: August 28, 2013
Out of the darkness of the French defeat and capitulation of 1940 rose one of the greatest mass-resistance movements in history. Thousands of French patriots rose up, by themselves and in groups, and defied Nazi authority. They formed resistance movements that fought the Nazi occupation of France and the collaboration of the Vichy government. The French resistance was detrimental to the success of the Allies during World War II because they played a key role in the D-Day landings and were able to assist the Allied troops by informing about local German troop dispositions and providing first hand intelligence information, as well as maintaining escape networks that helped trapped Allied soldiers and airmen escape. The resistance was a symbol of unity and pride The French Resistance was a key element in the succes of the D-Day landings. Actual attacks on the Germans were limited, in part by the viciouness of German reprisals. Instead in the months running up to D-Day, focused on developing intelligence on the German troop dispositions and on construction of the Atlantic Wall. The Resistance also atacked the French communications and transportation network--especially the raillines. German reprisals were not as severe if German troops were not killed. The Resistance had expanded greatly in 1943-44. In part because of the NAZI demands to conscript French workers for forced labor in the Reich and in part because it was becoming increasionly clear that the NAZIs were losing the War. Estimates suggest that there 60 intelligence cells solely devoted to collect intelligence. The Allies were collecting intelligence through aerial reconisance, but there are limitations to aerial reconisance. The Resistance helped to fill in the gaps. The Allies received 3,000 written reports as well as 700 radio reports during May 1944 alone. The Resistance succeeded in destroyed 1,800 railway engines, nearly as many as the 2,400 destroyed by Allied air operations. The combined impact of...
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