Throughout the French and Indian War (1754-1763), the relationship between the British and the American colonies underwent many radical changes. This war drew the British into America to fight the French alongside of the American colonists. Once the fighting began, the vast economic, political, and ideological differences between the colonists and their mother country of Great Britain surfaced. The French and Indian War impacted the political correlation between Britain and the American colonies because the colonies desired a new democratic government in place of the former English monarchy. Additionally, the war altered the economic relations between the two because of the establishment of numerous British taxations to pay for the war and it’s colossal debt. This gave rise to the change in ideological relations because now the colonists had dreams of independence.
The Treaty of Paris, a peace treaty France signed after the British defeated them in 1763, required France to surrender it’s large western territory in Louisiana and other claims to Spain in compensation for it’s loss of Florida to Great Britain. Along with Florida, Great Britain also gained territory in French Canada. The map of colonial Empires in North America in 1754 and 1763, shows the shift of colonial power before and after the French and Indian War (document A). At the start of the war, France owned all the land from the Appalachian Mountains to the Rockies. More importantly, France had claims to the Mississippi River, a major transportation hub, allowing them to greatly expand their trade. At the end of the war however, France’s rule in North America became nonexistent, making them no longer a threat to the English colonies. With a surplus of newly-acquired land, Great Britain was required to defend and maintain control of their expanded empire. However, Britain felt that the colonists were unfit and unwilling to defend the new frontiers of their vastly expanded empire. This increased the...
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