Freedom Movements in India

Topics: Ho Chi Minh, Indian independence movement, African National Congress Pages: 2 (525 words) Published: April 15, 2014
Discuss the freedom movements in India, Vietnam, and South Africa
India, Vietnam, and South Africa, all gained independence through freedom movements headed by their ambitious leaders. Mohandas Gandhi, India’s freedom leader believed Satyagraha would help India to achieve its freedom. Satyagrapha was based upon the principles of nonviolence, civil disobedience, and the belief that the truth will set you free. Mohandas Gandhi, leader of the Indian National Congress wanted Swaraj, independence, in India. In 1930 after Britain informed India that salt was to be exclusively obtained from them, and not from their domestic beaches, the Salt March occurred (Notes 2/24). Indians marched 200 Miles and during the protest 60,000 people were arrested (Notes 2/24). After the salt march Gandhi created the Quit India civil disobedience movement, which involved strikes and public flagging. These actions, led by Gandhi, helped India earn their independence on August 15, 1947.

Vietnam, a French colony obtained after the war, gained its independence with the help of communist party leader, Ho Chi Minh. Ho Chi Minh was the prime minister and president of the democratic republic of Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh’s reputation was earned as he helped North Vietnam throughout the Indochina wars. Vietnam became an independent country after North Vietnam defeated South Vietnam’s government. (20th Century and Beyond, page 448).

Nelson Mandela, one of the leaders of the African National Congress headed the independence movement in South Africa. Similar to the beliefs of Gandhi, Mandela supported peace through non-violent measures. South Africa experienced a great social divide based upon extreme segregation. In addition to the restriction of blacks voting, striking was illegal and facilities were separated by race (notes 3/3). The system of apartheid, legal racial segregation, was the enabling force behind this. Mandela helped to unify black and whites in South Africa and his efforts...
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