Yusuf Bozkurt ALPTEKIN
FREEDOM FROM INJUSTICE
To understand "social injustice," we must contrast it with the earlier view of justice against which it was conceived; one that arose as a revolt against political absolutism. With a government that is granted absolute power, it is impossible to speak of any injustice on its part. The history of all existing society, Marx and Engels declared, ‘‘is the history of class struggles, freeman and slave, patrician and plebian, lord and serf, oppressor and oppressed, stood in sharp opposition to each other’’ (9). In Communism, the main concept is to remove the social injustice and to put arguments by changing economical and social system for the happiness of society. Social injustice can be resolved by the ideals of communism by rejecting other ideologies such as capitalism and imperialism that makes division in the society. Communist ideas absolutely refuses the notions which shapes people as equal and unequal in that society and the ideal purpose is to maintain social justice in terms of economically, socially and politically. Freedom of human being is important for social development which stresses that all human ideals are dependent on socioeconomic systems. However, in bourgeois society individual freedom can only be corrupt and corrupting because it is a case of privilege based on the dependence of others. Walicki stated that ‘‘Marx was concerned not with individual freedom here and now but with species freedom ’’ (13). By using this idea, he criticizes the political system which is dominant top in the past and against the system that does not depend on the extent of humankind’s domination over nature and conscious control over social relations. In fact, he is expressing that freedom does not mean the freedom of individual but the freedom of society in the sense of communist ideas. It determines an end in which the final destiny of humankind would find its fulfillment for the freedom of society. The ruling class in bourgeois society is the bourgeoisie, who own the means of production as Private Property, despite the fact that the productive forces have become entirely socialized and operate on the scale of the world market. The history of communism begins with the history of class struggles in society. The differences between two classes are named as bourgeois and proletarians in communism literature. Communism Manifesto pointed out ‘‘ Society as a whole is more and more splitting up into two great hostile camp, into two great classes directly facing each other – bourgeois and proletariat ’’(9). Communism does not want the system that separates the society between two groups, because that distinction increases the wealth case between poor and rich. In fact, the first bourgeoisie system started in Mid Ages. After the discovery of America, trade with the colonies and the increasing in trade developed rapidly. Meanwhile, every growing system had a leader in his whole industry in order to manage them. As Communist Manifesto pointed out ‘‘An oppressed class under the sway of the feudal nobility, it became an armed and self-governing association in the mediaeval commune ’’ (10). Every step in the development of industry gave certain power to leaders of that industry. It does not only give strength but also political advance to bourgeoisie. They could make more money by using the lower class but never give what they deserve in terms of money and justice. It is not fair for the society right according to human rights since exploited by higher classes. Therefore, the bourgeoisie has exploited numerous societies in every country. Social justice means not to be exploited by someone but it means equal rights for every individual. Communism gives the same significance to every individual and denies the functions of bourgeoisie society that subjects the countries and additionally stands the system...
Cited: Walicki, Andrzej. Marxism and the Leap to the Kingdom of Freedom. California: Stanford University Press, 1995.
Marx, Karl, Friedrich Engels. The Communist Manifesto. New York: International Publishers, 1948.
Marx, Engels, Lenin. The Essential Left. New York: Unwin Books, 1961.
Mandel, Ernest. Markszim’e Giriş. Istanbul: Körfez Yayınları, 1977.
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