Preview

Free-Will Vs Determinism

Better Essays
Open Document
Open Document
1491 Words
Grammar
Grammar
Plagiarism
Plagiarism
Writing
Writing
Score
Score
Free-Will Vs Determinism
The debate between free will vs determinism is important because it reflects on actions and intentions of humans, but free will brings up strong valid points supported by evidence. Free will can be simplified as a human does what they ultimately and truly want in their mind, through their own beliefs and character. Determinism is about having strong influences in an environment, that the decisions of individuals reflect off their unconscious mind. Determinism can influence decisions, but the final decision and action is up to the individual. Through past experiences a person can learn and be influenced by everything in their surroundings, but it does not force a person to make a decision based on their past. I do not believe that anything is …show more content…
For one, free will can be attacked on based on morals. In the popular “Milgram Experiment” Gary Larson explains that subjects were tricked into thinking they were hurting another being at the push of a button. (Larson 3) Now one could say that free will is determining if the person dealing the pain was deciding based on their own will, but emotions and character play a huge role in this experiment. Different factors go into the experiment, like depending on the facial reaction of the people due to the shocks. The influences and the way a person was brought up in the world may alter if they would continue or stop sooner or later, all based on one’s background. Determinism can also be argued and be proven wrong due to fatalism. According to Hugh Rice of Stanford University, fatalism is the belief that everything is predetermined, and that change is inevitable. (Rice, 1) Bringing back the rape case, if change is inevitable then how can we send someone to prison over something they have no control over. If a person were to rape a child as an example, fatalism is stating that it was pre determined, and the rapist’s upbringing caused their actions. If the rape was already set in stone and was bound to happen, how can we blame the rapist, do we set them free, or put them in jail for something they were going to do anyway? Free will and determinism are both complex subjects that share both relatable and different aspects. I think people should take responsibility and believe in free will. You don’t have to do something you don’t want to, it’s always up to the individual in the end. Nothing is set in stone to me, until it becomes the past and already happened, through will over false

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Determinism is a controversial topic to free will with multiple theories proving and disproving it. As printed in The Collins Cobuild Learner's Dictionary, determinism is defined as “...the belief that all actions and events result from other actions, events, or situations, so people cannot in fact choose what to do.” Meaning, all life choices are predetermined from the minute we are born, to the minute we die. In contrast, “freewill is an individual taking control and responsibility for his/her actions according to his personal will” (Freewill Verses Determinism). People who believe in Free will, accept the idea that life is not predetermined, and they can independently act however they see fit. Free will and determinism can be further simplified and have multiple differences as well as similarities.…

    • 1475 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    I would lean more towards the compatibilist view stating, unless I am the cause of my actions I am not responsible for them. As compatibilist holds that free will and determinism are compatible, we can properly understand what it means for our actions to be free so we see that a free action is doing what one wants. Believing in compatibilism doesn't mean the determinist view is false, but if it is true, we can still have free will. I believe that we make decisions based on our own desires and beliefs. It is said that compatibilists attempt to revise and weaken the commonsense notion of free will. Thomas Hobbes was the first person to articulate a compatibilist position believing that although the person is free to act on their motive, the motive is determined. In other words, he says “Everything we choose to do is strictly determined by the need to relieve the physical pressures of our bodies. Humans…

    • 632 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Gary Gutting, the author of the article, What Makes Free Will Free? deliberates that we do not have free choice as we assumed which a researcher confirmed. By free choice, this means the conviction that our conduct is dictated by our own unrestrained choice and that we have complete power over our activities. Also, Gary Gutting examined various thoughts on determinism as the researchers suggested. Determinism refers to the conviction that all human conduct or any other occurrences have a cause. This is opposed to a person's will to accomplish an action. Gary Gutting discussed what David Hume, a philosopher, believed and the belief of David Hume is that both determinism and free choice are possible, they are compatible with each…

    • 1857 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    Well, breaking it down that is not what free will defines. Free will is the ability to make his or her own decision. To some extent determinism (not to be confused with hard determinism) and free will can both collaborate together making our world. Yes, something had to create us, but when we are born we are born with a desire to follow our hearts. We are designed to have our own free will. Although it may seem like hard determinism derails free will's argument it is an incorrect accusation at a completely different topic not in relation to free will. If we used hard determinism, that would mean that no one is held accountable to their actions or morals. With their philosophy it would mean that everything was planned out and whatever happens was planned to happen. So with that in mind it does not matter if I steal because it was supposed to happen, etc. I believe God gave us free will to further the Kingdom of God, and because He wants us to choose Him, not be forced to love…

    • 951 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Soft Determinism

    • 1913 Words
    • 8 Pages

    Determinism currently takes two related forms: hard determinism and soft determinism [1][1]. Hard determinism claims that the human personality is subject to, and a product of, natural forces. All of our choices can be accounted for by reference to environmental, social, cultural, physiological and hereditary (biological) causes. Our total character is a product of these environmental, social, cultural, physiological and hereditary forces, thus our beliefs, desires, values and habits are all outside of our control. The hard determinist, therefore, claims that our choices are determined by these factors; free will is an illusion because the choices and decisions we make are derived from our character, which is completely out of our control in creating. An example might help illustrate this point. Consider a man who has just repeatedly stabbed another man outside of a bar; the other man is dead. The hard determinist would argue that there were factors outside of the killer's control which led him to this action. As a child, he was constantly beaten by his father and was the object of ridicule and contempt of his classmates. This trend of hard luck would continue all his life. Coupled with the fact that he has a gene that has been identified with male aggression, he could not control himself when he pulled the knife out and started stabbing the other man. All this aggression, and all this history were the determinate cause of his action.…

    • 1913 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    There is much debate over the issue of whether we have complete freedom of the will or if our will caused by something other than our own choosing. There are three positions adopted by philosophers regarding this dispute: determinism, libertarianism, and compatibilism. Determinists believe that freedom of the will does not exist. Since actions are events that have some predetermined cause, no actions can be chosen and thus there is no will to choose. The compatibilist argues that you can have both freedom of the will and determinism. If the causes which led to our actions were different, then we could have acted in another way which is compatible with freedom of the will. Libertarians believe that freedom of the will does exist.…

    • 697 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Determinism, for those that are religious the decision they make them believe it’s be ordain by their decisions. But if you think about it, whatever ‘free-will’ choices we make that path has been destine to occur, if we chooses wrong, or right, or the alternative of right and wrong, or non-religious path what waits us, seem to be somewhat ordain by our discussion where it was ‘free-will’ of self-interest, or of religiously –“free will”. Determinism, seems to be like a line game they use to determine the path of result of one will do, well in terms of one of school.…

    • 446 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    According to A.J. Ayer, the problem of free will arises from the apparent incompatibility of two common assumptions about human action : excepting certain rare and easily identifiable cases, human action is free in the sense required for holding agents responsible for their actions, and that like all events, human actions are governed by deterministic causal laws. If human actions are governed by such laws, it would seem that we are never free to act otherwise than we do and hence that we can never be held responsible for what we do. Much of the free will debate has proceeded with determinists on one side affirming and denying and those Ayer calls “moralists” doing exactly the opposite in an attempt to preserve the reality or legitimacy of moral responsibility. Ayer believes that this way of proceeding is hopeless for the moralists because so long as we understand the freedom required for moral responsibility as freedom from causal determination, then will be false whether it is true or not. Ayer argues that the freedom required for moral responsibility should not be construed as freedom from causal determination, but rather as freedom from compulsion or constraint. This kind of freedom, he argues, is compatible with the principle that all events are causally determined. The moralist agrees with the determinist that if our actions are determined by causal laws, then we are not free in the sense required by moral responsibility. So, if he is to maintain that we are free and responsible, he must deny Determinism. But, Ayer would demand, the denial of Determinism can be of no help to the moralist. If our actions are not under the purview of causal laws, then to that extent, they are random and…

    • 606 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    To consider the extent to whether free will is compatible with Determinism, you must first think about whether or not we actually possess free will in the first place. A Hard Determinist would say that individuals are not free to act upon anything as it is like a path set up by other natural factors in which we have no control over, this leads to the conclusion that humans are not morally responsible for any action. Any moral decisions we make have causes prior that are uncontrollable. Therefore a Hard Determinist would say that free will and Determinism are not compatible with one another. On the other hand is Libertarianism, with which free will is closely compatible. Philosophers such as Kant, believe that we are completely free meaning that we are morally responsible for every action we take. Between these two extremes stands soft-determinists, such as Hume. These think that most decisions we make are the result of external factors but also we have acted upon free will to make it happen. In fact, they go so far as to say that true freedom requires causation, without this there would be randomness. Therefore free will is completely incompatible with a hard determinist, but a Soft Determinist however would argue that free will must be compatible. So a libertarian approach seems like the most convincing as it implies that we are morally responsible for our actions but takes into account the fact that external factors may have caused this.…

    • 934 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines philosophical determinism as “the belief that all events are caused by things that happened before them and that people have no real ability to make choices or control what happens; a theory or doctrine that acts of the will, occurrences in nature, or social or psychological phenomena are causally determined by preceding events or natural laws; a belief in predestination, the quality or state of being determined” (1). Does this mean that whatever action we make is a choice that doesn’t belong to us, but is rather a result of complex events that surround us? Do people have a right to justify some of their actions, and can be excused due to an idea that they do not act voluntarily?…

    • 1021 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Various philosophers have explained iterations of free will in more depth, resulting in a greater number of issues connected to it. When arguing against free will, the concept of determinism is advanced as the main argument. Determinism is the philosophical idea that every event or state of affairs, including every human decision, and action, is predetermined. The main perceived threats to our freedom of will are various alleged determinisms. These can be physical, psychological, biological or theological in nature. For example, suppose you meet a person you are instantly attracted to. Practically every thought and emotion in your body commands you to approach the person but for various reasons you hold back; the moment doesn't feel right.…

    • 157 Words
    • 1 Page
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The determinists and fatalists also have plausible arguments against free will. One argument against free will, although not deterministic or fatalistic, states that God contradicts free will of all living beings including itself. If God is omniscient, meaning it knows all, it should already know all of its future actions along with its "creation's". If God is all knowing, then it has no free will and neither do us. Excluding God and the metaphysical world, there are still many ways to disprove the idea of free will. "If we put a person back in time, and observe, they will make exactly the same choices, of course." This statement may be clever, but not very rational as time travel is impossible. It just seems to be an illusion of time travel habituated into us; where we think that if anything is changed when going back in time, it will affect the future. Causality seems to be the best way to refute free will. Causality is the way that all events are caused by previous events. In other words, all the choices we make were caused by other factors and not necessarily a decision of our own free will. As for the ice cream shop example earlier, a determinist might refute this by saying that Bob was simply not aware of the cause of his decision. It is undeniable that neurons firing chemicals and so forth could have deterministically resulted in his choice of vanilla. There are arguments which claim that free will is an illusion. It is an illusion that we accept because of our inability to observe all of the processes going on involved with making a choice. Basically, this point of view states that we are unaware and have a lack of understanding for numerous processes present within human…

    • 1447 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    While there are several different viewpoints of free will in philosophy, the main theories are hard determinist, libertarians, and compatibilism. Determinism is the idea that every action you take is heavily influenced by outside forces and past events. A hard determinist has the belief that that people have no free will and therefore no one is responsible for their actions because they were predetermined. Conversely, people with libertarian views of free will believes that our choices are entirely our own and we are not bound by a determined future. Compatibilism is like determinism but with the belief that people do in fact have free will but those choices are largely influenced by past events and outside forces.…

    • 840 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Essay On Hard Determinism

    • 664 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Everything likes to believe that their actions are their own. We make decisions everyday that shape our life and lives around us. This idea of conscious decision making is known as free will. When free will is taken away, control is lost from our lives and what were once choices are now predetermined paths. The deterministic view shows that nothing is random, as the events of life are already set in stone. That is, every action, thought, event, and even disasters were always going to happen.…

    • 664 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Free Will Vs. Determinism

    • 1993 Words
    • 8 Pages

    Free will and determinism control several aspects of everyday human life. Free will is the decision to make your own choices freely while constantly reflecting on it. In order to truly reflect on your choices, it is essential to have heard from many different values, attitudes and beliefs to properly create your own free choice. Free will also does not abide to any outside influence in creating your choices. However, other people’s values, attitudes and beliefs can be the basis for your own by using concepts such as interpolation and or extrapolation. Determinism is the adopting of someone else’s beliefs without questioning or reflecting on their values, attitudes and beliefs. Taking this form of action results in not thinking for yourself…

    • 1993 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Better Essays