Fracking

Topics: Greenhouse gas, Natural gas, Carbon dioxide Pages: 4 (1079 words) Published: January 4, 2015
Allen Jacob 5/21/14
601 Chemistry Pd.6

Water is one of the most important and beautiful resources that were given to us by mother nature. We see water as not only a source for survival, but for entertainment and many more advantages as well. In summer there is nothing better than a glass of clean and refreshing water, and not to mention the fun that we have when running around the sprinklers and feeling the coolness of the water. However, do you ever imagine this all not being there anymore? Or imagine not being able to drink water from your own sink, not running around the sprinklers, and let’s not forget the splashing with the water hose? All because of the dangers and risks you run whenever being in contact with water. Now why would your water be dangerous? Well because there is this thing that we call Hydraulic fracturing, or “fracking” for short. Fracking has its advantages but the risks outweigh the benefits.

Fracking is the process of drilling down into the earth before a high-pressure water mixture is directed at the rock to release the gas inside. Water, sand and chemicals are injected into the rock at high pressure which allows the gas to flow out to the head of the well. Methanol, BTEX compounds, Diesel fuel, Lead Hydrogen fluoride, and Sulfuric acid are just few of the dangerous chemicals used during fracking. Natural gas is a fossil fuel formed when layers of buried plants, gases, and animals are exposed to intense heat and pressure over thousands of years. Methane is the simplest alkane and the main component of natural gas. Natural gas is used as a clean generating source for almost a quarter of the nation's electric power. It provides efficient heating, water heating and cooking for homes and businesses, a raw material for fertilizers and a component in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, medical implants, sports equipment, electronics, plastic toys and paints and a heat source...


Bibliography: Brantley, S., & Meyendorff, A. (2013, March 13). The Facts on Fracking. The New York Times. Retrieved May 29, 2014, from http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/14/opinion/global/the-facts-on-fracking.html
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