The Stages of Systemic Change by Beverly L. Anderson By analyzing where they are an the continuum of educational change, stakeholders can see where they still may need to go. At first I didn't see the magnitude of the change. I thought if we just did better what we had always done, we would be OK. Then I realized we had to do something totally different, but I didn't know what. Gradually we began trying some new approaches. One change led to another and another and another like dominos. I started to see what people meant by systemic change. A new energy and excitement surged among its as hope grew and the cloudy vision of what we wanted became clearer and clearer. -Principal of a restructuring high school Administrators across the United States are recognizing that the education system needs fundamental changes to keep pace with an increasingly complex global society. Yet, the deeper we get into the process of change, the more confused we can become. We need some sense of what to expect and what direction to take. Seeing the patterns of change can be difficult; stakeholders in a system tend to see change primarily from their own perspective. Often teachers may not understand what is seen by administrators and parents, nor do administrators or parents see change from a teacher's perspective, or from each other's. To give stakeholders an aerial view of the shifts occurring in educational systems, the matrix "A Continuum of Systemic Change" defines six developmental stages and six key elements of change (see fig. 1). A composite of experiences in systemic change from across the United States and at all levels of education, the matrix provides stakeholders with a common vantage point for communicating and making decisions about change. Stages of Systemic Change Six stages of change characterize the shift from a traditional educational system to one that emphasizes interconnectedness, active learning, shared decision making and higher levels of achievement for all
Four Circle Model
Grand Canyon University EDA-661
June 10, 2015
Four Circle Model
In education schools are always looking for way to improve. One of the ways they try to improve is to keep up with new practices and strategies that are supported by research. By using research to help guide schools progress, hopefully that will strengthen the school’s weaknesses. . The Four Circle Model is a foundational approach that helps a school identify what a school believes, wants….
The Three-circle Model of World Englishes was developed by Kachru in 1985 and it remains one of the most influential models for grouping the varieties of English in the world (Mollin, 2006, p.41). Kachru (1985) described the spread of English in terms of three concentric circles: the Inner Circle, the Outer Circle and the Expanding Circle. These circles represent "the type of spread, the patterns of acquisition and the functional domains in which English is used across cultures and languages" (Kachru….
In the story “Four Stations in His Circle”, Austin Clarke reveals the negative influences that immigration can have on people through characterization of the main character, symbols such as the house that Jefferson dreams to buy and the time and place where the story takes place. The author demonstrates how immigration can transform someone to the point that they abandon their old culture, family and friends and remain only with their loneliness and selfishness.
The first literary device that….
different models of public relations that organisation adopt to reach mutual understandings between their publics or to demonstrate its organisational desire to its publics. Grunig and Hunt (1984) define the communication theory as a fundamental tool of enhancing and maintaining the relationship between an organisation and its publics, which can assist an organisation to address different issues efficiently and effectively. Grunig and Hunt have developed four theoretical communication models of public….
Four models of organizational behavior are the autocratic, custodial, supportive, and collegial. The supportive and collegial models are more consistent with contemporary employee needs and, therefore, will predictably obtain more effect results in many situations. Managers need to examine the model they are using, determine whether it is the most appropriate one, and remain flexible in their use of alternative and emerging models.
Although there are four separate models, almost no organization….
consequences for the wrongdoer. The four different models that societies have created are the retributive and utilitarian, which aim to reprimand the offender for their offense and the last two are the restorative and parallel models that account for both the offender and the victim’s desire for achieving justice. These different models of justice stem from various cultures and beliefs in how the justice system ought to respond to such offenses (Newmark, 2017a). Although some models intertwine with one another….
Four Boxes Business Model Amazon in 2007 (T2)
Customer Value Proposition (promised customer value)
- Presenting the Kindle, CEO Jeff Bezos announced, “This isn’t a device, it’s a service.”
- Complete experience for the customer: an expansive library of books and the ability to download the book instantly using Amazon’s wireless network
- The customer enjoyed a cheaper ($9.99 or less instead of $25 for a hardcover), and some would say better, reading experience without sacrificing breadth of….
deceit; a behavioral style characterized by impulsivity and irresponsibility; and an affective experience characterized by shallow emotions and a lack of empathy (Sadhu, 2015). Neumann, Hare, and Newman (2007) suggest that psychopathy involves a four factor model which are an interpersonal factor that includes superficial charm, grandiosity, pathological lying and manipulation; an affective factor that includes callousness, lack of remorse, shallowness and failure to accept responsibility; an impulsive….
2. “All that happens must be known—true or not?” And is all-seeing really all-knowing? (70)
I believe that “all that happens must be known” is true and false. It is true because if everyone knew that everything they do is known, then anything bad will most likely not happen. Crime would go down, being lost would be nonexistent and lastly everyone would be honest with each other. But the false thing about is that there is no such that is privacy anymore, where one can do what he wants without being….