Founding Fathers: James Madison

Topics: United States Constitution, United States, Separation of powers Pages: 3 (1164 words) Published: November 3, 2009
When people think of the Founding Fathers of the United States, many think of Washington, Franklin, and Jefferson; but very few people think of James Madison. James Madison was an American politician, the fourth President of the United States, and considered to be the "Father of the Constitution", he was the main author of the document; a document that has lasted over 220 years, through tough times including wars and economic struggles. This is why he is America’s most valuable Founding Father.

The United States Constitution is the very foundation of our government. The Constitution is the supreme law of the United States because no law may be passed that contradicts its principles. The purpose of our Federal Government, as found in the Preamble of the Constitution, is to "establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our posterity." In order to achieve this purpose there are two main ideas evident in the Constitution. On idea is the inherent rights of the people, which are the rights that all Americans have. An example of this is the Bill of Rights, which are the first ten amendments to the Constitution that clearly state some of the rights held by the people. Another principle is the separation of powers of the government. The Constitution states that there are three main branches of government, the legislative branch with two parts that makes laws, an executive branch led by the President that enforces laws, and a judicial branch headed by the Supreme Court which interprets and reviews laws. Besides providing for the organization of these branches, the Constitution carefully outlines which powers each branch may exercise this way no one branch is too powerful. The Constitution sets the government up in such a way that it is a set of checks and balances. It is also a living document that can be amended and changed because of changing times....
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