Foundations of Group Behavior

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Foundations of Group Behavior What are you responsible to learn?  Differentiate between formal and informal groups
 Compare two models of group development
 Explain how group interaction can be analyzed
 Identify the key factors in explaining group behavior
 Explain how role requirements change in different situations
 Describe how norms exert influence on an individual’s behavior
 Define social loafing and its effect on group performance
 Identify the benefits and disadvantages of cohesive groups
 List the strengths and weaknesses of group decision making
 Contrast the effectiveness of interacting, brainstorming, nominal, and electronic meeting groups Defining and Classifying Groups Groups
– Two or more individuals, interacting and interdependent, who have come together to achieve particular objectives. • Formal groups -- those defined by the organization’s structure, with designated work assignments establishing tasks.
• Informal group – A group that is neither formally structured nor organizationally determined. Natural formations in the work environment that appear in response to the need for social contact.
• Command group – a group composed of the individuals who report directly to a given manager.
• Task groups -- also organizationally determined, representing those working together to complete a job task.
• Interest group -- people not necessarily aligned into common command or task groups who affiliate to attain a specific objective.
• Friendship group – those brought together because they share one or more common characteristics

Stages of Group Development Model 1: The Five Stage Model Forming - Stage 1 - Uncertainty - "test the waters"
Storming - Stage 2 - Intragroup conflict - constraints, who will lead and control
Norming - Stage 3 - Cohesiveness begins and relationships form
Performing - Stage 4 - The

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