Compare two models of group development
Explain how group interaction can be analyzed
Identify the key factors in explaining group behavior
Explain how role requirements change in different situations
Describe how norms exert influence on an individual’s behavior
Define social loafing and its effect on group performance
Identify the benefits and disadvantages of cohesive groups
List the strengths and weaknesses of group decision making
Contrast the effectiveness of interacting, brainstorming, nominal, and electronic meeting groups Defining and Classifying Groups Groups
– Two or more individuals, interacting and interdependent, who have come together to achieve particular objectives. • Formal groups -- those defined by the organization’s structure, with designated work assignments establishing tasks.
• Informal group – A group that is neither formally structured nor organizationally determined. Natural formations in the work environment that appear in response to the need for social contact.
• Command group – a group composed of the individuals who report directly to a given manager.
• Task groups -- also organizationally determined, representing those working together to complete a job task.
• Interest group -- people not necessarily aligned into common command or task groups who affiliate to attain a specific objective.
• Friendship group – those brought together because they share one or more common characteristics
Stages of Group Development Model 1: The Five Stage Model Forming - Stage 1 - Uncertainty - "test the waters"
Storming - Stage 2 - Intragroup conflict - constraints, who will lead and control
Norming - Stage 3 - Cohesiveness begins and relationships form
Performing - Stage 4 - The