What are effective strategies for reducing alcohol consumption in Indigenous Australian in the community? Background
The health of the aboriginal community continues to be poor, with the life expectancy of 20-25 years less than the life expectancy of other Australians. According to the Australian Bureau of statistics, premature death and high morbidity have a significant impact on communities, where individuals and families experience continual loss (Australian Bureau of Statistics (2006). Australian is a high consumer of alcohol with 83% of indigenous Australians aged 14 and over, all consuming alcohol (Tobin1*et al. 2011p.1). Of these, one-in-5 drink at levels causing short term harm, whilst one-in-ten drink at levels risking long- term harm. Drinking at such levels increase the risk of morbidity and mortality, it also has a harmful effect on others, such-as, public safety, domestic violence, workplace productivity, which is costing Australians $15 billion annually (Tobin1*et al. 2011p.1). A report into the effects of alcohol, commissioned by the National Preventative Taskforce was presented to the Federal Health and Ageing minister in June 2009, outlining recommendations across several key areas to alter the drinking culture in Australia to improve the health of all Australians (Tobin1*et al. 2011p.1).
This written Review protocol/strategy will mainly focus on effective strategies for reducing alcohol consumption in Indigenous Australian Communities ,and the objective of this review will conduct randomized controlled trial (RCT) of community action to measure what strategies can be put in place to reduce alcohol consumption in the indigenous Australian Community (Shake shaft et al. 2014) .
Population: “alcohol’’ consumption in Indigenous Australian communities The statistic of Indigenous Australians population is made out of 2.6% indigenous people. Hence alcohol consumption in the indigenous Australia Community they experience social and health complication resulting from alcohol consumption at a higher rate to compare to non-Indigenous Australians (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2008). As acknowledged by Vos and colleagues estimated that the burden of disease associated with alcohol use by Indigenous Australians is almost double that of the general Australian population (Vos et al. 2007). Furthermore in the year 2003, “alcohol’’ accounted for 6.2% of the overall liability of disease among Indigenous Australians, while preventing only 0.8% of this burden (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2008). It is estimated that 82.9% of Australian age 14 years -45 old had consumed alcohol within the previous month and 10.1% have not taken any standard drink of alcohol by the National Drug Strategy Household Survey (Wilson et al. 2010). Furthermore 23.7% of male and 17% female found to consume alcohol at a higher level according to the Australian alcohol guide (Wilson et al. 2010)
Intervention/Issue: I: need to specify a specific intervention (such as restricting supply) The intervention will be tighter alcohol restrictions supply to the indigenous people because it place in any strategic approach to prevent and manage alcohol problems in Indigenous communities (Medical Journal of Australia 2011). Must provide licensing when buying alcohol at the counter and access to total prohibition should be limited, alcohol consumption standard should be at a minimum standard to help the community develop an alcohol management plane that are affective in addressing alcohol related harm (Australian Institute of Health & Welfare 2008, pp.1- 29).
Comparison: such as restricting access to money – will control spending, “alcohol” taxes and levies should be encountered , there should be controls in place on the types of alcoholic beverages sold and limits the numbers, types and trading hours of outlets (reference)
Harmful alcohol and other drug uses pose significant risks...
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