Forms Of Government
"I believe that government is servant of the people and not their master." A statement told by David Rockfeller powerfully telling that a government is not a hinder to tranquility, thus, a way for each nation to gain system in peace and order. A government is the organization through which the state articulates and enforces its will. Government comes from the term govern. From Old French governer, derived from Latin gubernare "to direct, rule, guide, govern", which is derived from the Greek kybernan (to pilot a ship). It exists for the benefit of the people governed. The protection of its inhabitants, the administration of justice, and the advancement of the physical, economic, social and cultural well-being of the people is highly significant. Having a preserve atmosphere of systemized state is one of the functions of having a government. Needless to say, without any kind of organization, a sentiment of anxiety and difficulty may dwell in its people; and therefore prevailing of no recognition of progress and development.
The study of the various forms of government has been a fascinating task among political thinkers because conceptual disagreement has marked man’s effort even at the time of Ancient Greeks to distinguish states according to their forms of government. The difficulty of classifying governments may be attributed to the inadequacy of a universally accepted criterion upon which all government may be classified.
The years passed, since the government is same as living organisms, these governing bodies of persons in states change their forms. History proves that from one period to another, different forms of government have risen and fallen. According to Aristotle, the sovereign powers of government may be exercised by one person, a few men, or by many.
Monarchy is the oldest form of government. It is in which the final authority is in the hands of a single person without regard to the source of his election, nature, or duration of