Formation Of Malaysia

Satisfactory Essays
Topics: Malaysia
THE FORMATION OF MALAYSIA
&
SYSTEM AND STRUCTURE OF
ADMINISTRATION
29TH January 2015

THE MERGING PLAN
The idea to unite Malaysia with neighbouring countries was raised several times.
 Merger of Singapore suggested in 1955 by David Marshall – rejected by Tunku Abdul Rahman.
 Lee Kuan Yew proposed the idea again in 1959 – unfavorable response 

THE MERGING PLAN
27th

May 1961: Tunku Abdul
Rahman suggested the merger of Malaya with:
- Singapore
- North Borneo: Sabah
- Sarawak
- Brunei

“Free through unification” was the main general factor of the proposal.

Political

Reasons
 To curb communist threat
 To boost and accelerate the independence of Brunei,
Singapore, Sabah and Sarawak.
 To create racial harmony

REASONS

Economy

To boost regional economy for people and countries
Social
- To create Malaysian nation new identity based on shared cultural heritage 

TOWARDS THE
FORMATION OF MALAYSIA

1. Harmony Entourage to
Sabah and Sarawak (June 1961)


Tunku wanted the people to understand the merging concept.



Sarawak United People’s Party
(SUPP), Sarawak People’ Party
(SNAP) and Barisan Rakyat Jati
Sarawak (BARJASA) expressed opposition. United

National Kadazan
Organization (UNKO)’s leader:
Donald Stephens publicly rejected the idea.

Tunku

promised to give considerable autonomy to lead.

2. Visit to Brunei (July 1961)
A.M.

Azahari and his party not interested in merging idea. Sultan

formed special committee to assess public’s opinion.

3. Singapore Conference
(August 1961)
Should

be decided by the people.
Singapore hold autonomy powers in education and labour.
Central government responsible for defense, internal security.
A referendum showed than more than 70% people agreed to merger.

4. Borneo States’ Meeting
(November 1961)
A

meeting to discuss Borneo’s status as British colony.

To

assess the people’s reaction towards the merging idea.

Proposal

to assist to review Sultan
Brunei’s opinion and to maintain
British

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