Formation Of Malaysia

Topics: Malaysia, Royal Highness, Sabah Pages: 30 (933 words) Published: March 23, 2015
THE FORMATION OF MALAYSIA
&
SYSTEM AND STRUCTURE OF
ADMINISTRATION
29TH January 2015

THE MERGING PLAN
The idea to unite Malaysia with
neighbouring countries was
raised several times.
 Merger of Singapore suggested
in 1955 by David Marshall –
rejected by Tunku Abdul Rahman.
 Lee Kuan Yew proposed the idea
again in 1959 – unfavorable
response


THE MERGING PLAN
27th

May 1961: Tunku Abdul
Rahman suggested the merger
of Malaya with:
- Singapore
- North Borneo: Sabah
- Sarawak
- Brunei

“Free through
unification”
was the main general
factor of the proposal.

Political

Reasons
 To curb communist threat
 To boost and accelerate the
independence of Brunei,
Singapore, Sabah and Sarawak.
 To create racial harmony

REASONS

Economy

To boost regional economy for
people and countries
Social
- To create Malaysian nation new
identity based on shared cultural
heritage


TOWARDS THE
FORMATION OF MALAYSIA

1. Harmony Entourage to
Sabah and Sarawak (June 1961)


Tunku wanted the people to
understand the merging concept.



Sarawak United People’s Party
(SUPP), Sarawak People’ Party
(SNAP) and Barisan Rakyat Jati
Sarawak (BARJASA) expressed
opposition.

United

National Kadazan
Organization (UNKO)’s leader:
Donald Stephens publicly
rejected the idea.

Tunku

promised to give
considerable autonomy to lead.

2. Visit to Brunei (July 1961)
A.M.

Azahari and his party
not interested in merging
idea.

Sultan

formed special
committee to assess
public’s opinion.

3. Singapore Conference
(August 1961)
Should

be decided by the people.
Singapore hold autonomy powers
in education and labour.
Central government responsible for
defense, internal security.
A referendum showed than more
than 70% people agreed to merger.

4. Borneo States’ Meeting
(November 1961)
A

meeting to discuss Borneo’s
status as British colony.

To

assess the people’s reaction
towards the merging idea.

Proposal

to assist to review Sultan
Brunei’s opinion and to maintain
British military base in Singapore.

5. Malaysia Solidarity Consultative
Committee (Middle 1961)

Was

formed when most
Borneo’s leaders expressed
skepticism.
Meeting held to relay true
intention and reasons of
merging.
Received strong support.

6. Cobbold Commission (August
1962)

Was

formed to assess the
feelings of the Sabahans
and Sarawakians.
Committee consisted 2
British and 2 Malaysian.
Found 70% accepted the
idea.

7. Inter Government Committee
(August 1962)
Was

formed to plan the
legislative of the new country.
Was headed by Lord
Landsdowne.
Analyzed important matters –
the report was accepted by
committee as basis to
formulate Malaysia.

8. Singapore’s Referendum
Amidst

opposition, PAP restore
people’s confidence in merging by
mentioning these matters:
- promised the people not losing
status of citizenship.
- better international economic
prospects.
- easier to curb communist threat.
Referendum had shown 70%
accepted the merging

9. United Nation’s Mission (June 1963)
To assess the acceptance of the

Sabahans and Sarawakians.
Convinced them – the people
agreed and accepted the idea.
Referendum reflected positive
reaction from the people –
authenticate Cobbold’s report.
Despite this, Indonesia unwilling to
back down on opposition.

July 1963, The Malaysian Agreement was
signed by five countries and was sealed.
Malaysia was born as a new nation on
16th September 1963

THE UNIQUENESS OF MALAYSIAN
POLITICAL SYSTEM

L ISM
A
R
E
FED

CONSTITUTI
ONAL
MONARCHY

ADMINISTRATIVE STRUCTURE

RY OF SEPARATION OF POWER

3 important bodies.
PURPOSE : Division of roles based on the theory of power division to avoid misuse of power, interference from one body with another and as a check and balance measure.
a)

Legislative - His Royal...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Essay on Formation of Malaysia
  • Formation of Malaysia Essay
  • Formation of Malaysia Essay
  • Formation of Malaysia Research Paper
  • Reaction Toward Formation of Malaysia Essay
  • Malaysia Essay
  • law of malaysia Essay
  • Malaysia Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free