Protecting forests has always been central to CI's mission. Now it is more important than ever. Did you know the burning and clearing of forests contributes approximately 16 percent of the world's greenhouse gas emissions and fuels climate change? Human activity is the main cause of deforestation, usually tied to economic development, increasing consumption rates – in both developed and developing countries – and extractive industries such as logging. Pristine jungles are burned and cleared for farming and ranching, or for plantations to produce biofuel crops. Cities and villages expand, prompting industrial development that supplants forests. Loggers extract more trees than the forest can reproduce, destroying ecosystems and leaving roads that invite other exploitative forces. Science in Action: Putting out Fires
The loss is irreplaceable. Tropical forests are home to more than half of all species on Earth, and their destruction means the extinction of countless plant and wildlife species, many still unknown to science. Forests also are important ecosystems in the balance of nature, providing a multitude of resources and services essential to all people. Destruction of habitat and resources forces people to move elsewhere for food, shelter and jobs, leading to greater poverty and social instability. In addition, burning and clearing forests emits approximately 16 percent of the greenhouse gases that cause climate change, more than all the world's cars, trucks, and airplanes combined. If left intact, these tropical forests are reservoirs of massive amounts of carbon. VISUAL AID: Check out a graphic representation of the role forests play in climate change. Protecting and restoring forests then is an essential first response to climate change. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, halting deforestation and restoring already degraded areas while adopting more forest-friendly agriculture and management practices would prevent the emission of more than 300 billion tons of carbon dioxide over the next 40 years. That is more than total U.S. emissions over that same period, based on current levels. In Madagascar's Makira forest, CI has worked with our partners to prevent more than 8 million tons of carbon dioxide from entering the atmosphere. That's equal to taking 145,000 cars off the road for 10 years. Twelve more of our carbon projects are under way in critical forests around the world, including the Philippines, Peru, Brazil, Guatemala, Mexico, Liberia, Indonesia and Colombia.
Forest conservation in the United States
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Forest Conservation is the practice of planting and maintaining forested areas for the benefit and sustainability of future generations. Around the year 1900 in the United States, forest conservation became popular with the uses of natural resources. It is the upkeep of the natural resources within a forest that are beneficial to both humans and the ecosystem. Forest conservation acts to maintain, plan, and improve forested areas. Forests provide wildlife with a suitable habitat for living along with filtering groundwater and preventing runoff. Contents * 1 History * 2 Forest types * 2.1 Boreal * 2.2 Temperate * 2.3 Sub-tropical * 3 Forest threats * 4 Techniques * 4.1 Afforestation * 4.2 Reforestation * 4.3 Selective logging * 4.4 Controlled burn * 4.5 Wildlife Management Areas * 5 References
Around the year 1900 in the United States, Gifford Pinchot lead a movement of conservation. Gifford Pinchot made conservation a popular word in its application to natural resources. Throughout the next two decades, forestry professions became widespread. Following World War I, forestry became a cooperation between private landowners, the states, and the federal government. On March 21, 1933, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt sent a message to the United...
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