Forest

Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Arable land Pages: 30 (371 words) Published: August 4, 2015
TRENDS IN DEFORESTATION IN INDIA
AND Conservation

CONTENTS

1






















new carbon stock estimates for global tropical forests
Forest definition (canopy cover
%)

.

10% tree
cover

25% tree
cover

30% tree
cover

63

43

36

Aboveground forest carbon (Mt
C)

4,356

3,464

3,151

Belowground forest carbon (Mt
C)

1,238

968

873

Total forest carbon (Mt C)

5,593

4,431

4,024

89

104

112

Forest Area (M ha)

Average Carbon Density (t
C/ha)

M=million, t=metric tons; all figures are mean
carbon stock values

Trends

India: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)

15701

23

Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)

42522

62

Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)

10211

15

TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990
2000
2005
2010
63939
65390
67709
68434
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-2000
2000-2005
2005-2010
0.22
0.70
0.21









INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
1990
2000
2005
percent of which from forest 2005
35055
41173
45957
6
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
1990
2000
2005
percent of which from forest 2005
213169
245837
260752

Regions





















Forest area (% of land area) in India
● India was last measured at 23.07 in 2011, according to the World Bank. ● Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems

● From1967 TO 2015

WORLD BANK INDICATORS - INDIA - LAND USE
1990

2000

Agricultural land (sq. km) in India

1810400.0

1825730.0

Agricultural land (% of land area) in India

60.9

61.4

Arable land (hectares) in India

162788000.0 162717000.0

Arable land (hectares per person) in India

0.2

0.2

Arable land (% of land area) in India

54.8

54.7

Permanent cropland (% of land area) in India

2.2

3.1

Forest area (sq. km) in India

639390.0

653900.0

2010

684340.
0

Environmental law related to forest








Afforestration

















Joint Forest Management








Joint Forest Management originated in West Bengal accidentally at the Arabari Forest Range in West Midnapore, near Midnapore town in 1971.





● Deforestation is a major cause for land
degradation.
● Hence by practicing the afforestration
methods and Joint forest Management, the
problem of Deforestration can be reduced.

● www.rainforests.mongabay.com
● wikipedia.com

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