Foreign Policy of Bangladesh
Bangladesh emerged as a independent country in 1971 via a long walking struggle. So it was compelled to retain it’s relation to super power countries and also to Muslim countries where Bangladesh was helped by Russia in our liberation war. But our foreign policy has been changed since 1971 to at present time for sundry times because of changing our political regime .Our honorable prime minister in different political regime visited to sundry countries for making pacts , treaty , protocol, business trade treaty to retain our national interest. When Sheikh Mujib became president of the country in 1971 then he emphasized on Mujibbad ( Nationalism, Socialism ,Secularism, Democracy ) where BD had good relation particularly to USSR because of resorting to Socialism and also had good relation to India because of resorting to Secularism in Constitution . Whenever Ziaur Rahman came into power in 1978 then he transferred Secularism into the ‘’principle of absolute trust and faith in the almighty Allah’’ and Socialism was given a new explanation to the effect that socialism would mean economic and social justice (Article 8 of BD constitution) and also Bismillahhir rahmanir Rahim was inserted in the beginning of constitution (Rahman, Editor, 2006) .
As a result The relation of Bangladesh went good to Muslim and China where Russia and India expressed their disappointment to the Bangladesh for changing of Socialism and Secularism consecutively in the regime of Zia. After the assassination of Zia ur Rahman , President Ershad also followed the all foreign policies of Zia’s government but Ershad included Islam as a state religion in article 2A of the constitution(Rahman, Editor, 2006). and now our foreign policy is being run by resorting to Mujib government and Zia’s government whenever Awami league comes into power and BNP will follow Zia’s foreign policy whenever they come into power consecutively. So I can say that , our foreign policy is based on