Foreign Policy Analysis : Compare and Contrast Nigeria’s Relationship with the U.S.A.

Topics: Nigeria, United States, President of the United States Pages: 12 (3836 words) Published: September 11, 2013
AHMADU BELLO UNIVERSITY, ZARIA.
FACULTY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES
DEPARTMENT OF POLITICAL SCIENCES

COURSE: FOREIGN POLICY ANALYSIS
CODE: POLS 807

MOHAMMED MOHAMMED HARUNA
M.Sc/SOC – SCIE/16884/2007 – 08

LECTURER
DR. UMAR A. KA’OJE

COMPARE AND CONTRAST NIGERIA’S RELATIONSHIP WITH THE U.S.A. IN (1960-1966) AND (1999-2003)

NOVEMBER, 2008

INTRODUCTION:
A country’s foreign policy is a set of goals outlining how the country will interact with other countries economically, politically, socially and militarily, and to a lesser extent how the country will interact with non-state actors. The aforementioned interaction is evaluated and monitored in attempts to maximize benefits of multi-lateral international cooperation. Foreign policies are desired to help project a country’s national interest, national security ideological goals and economic prosperity. This can occur as a result of peaceful cooperation with other nations or even through exploitation.

Foreign policy analysis is the systematic study of and research into the processes and theories of foreign policy.
This paper seeks to evaluate the relationship (economic and military) that has existed between Nigeria and the United States of America. (U.S.A) in two very different epochs. (1960-1966), post independence, and between 1999- 2003, the immediate democratic era after a lengthy post-military interregnum. The paper shall consist of an introduction and segments on conceptual clarifications, theoretical framework, X-ray of topic under study, and the conclusion drawn from the study shall also be presented.

CONCEPTUAL CLARIFICATION
International Relations: Rossenau, (1961). Views international relations as the study of the transactions, contacts, flows of information between and among separately organized nation state. Holsti, (1972). Defines international relations to encompass all forms of interaction between the members of distinct societies. Adeniran, (1983). submits that international relations is an area of study which focuses on the political, economic and other interactions among international actors and the inter-state systems. Economic relations: is a relationship between two or more states that revolves around the promotion, exchange of finance, industry and general trading activities. Military relations: A military is an organization authorized by its nation to use force, usually including use of weapons, in defending its country by combating actual or perceived threats. The military is made up of a force or forces with a capability to execute national defense policy. Military relations deal with the interaction between and among nation states to enhance capability development especially as it affects the strategic, operational, logistic and tactical requirements their military forces. Military relations are characterized by the exchange of combat arms and support services. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK

The theoretical framework within which this study shall be conducted, is the decision making approach. The theory focuses attention on the processes of public decision making. A political action has the character of a decision taken by some actors in a specific situation through a particular process. Political actions can be understood by referring to the person who took the decision and the inter-active processes by which the decision was reached. While following the decision making approach, the political scientist has to encounter a complex set of social psychological and institutional processes. Hence, this approach has to draw on several concepts developed in sociology, social psychology and psychology. Mahajan, (2000:39).

The decision making approach has two fundamental purposes one is the identification of “crucial structures” in the political realm where changes take place, where decisions are made, where actions are initiated and carried out. While, the other is a systematic analysis of the decision making...

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Abdullahi M.Y. (2004). The web of Nigerian politics. Abuja: AnnyPrints Productions.
Ojo. O, and Sesay, (2002). Concepts in International Relations. Ile-Ife: University Press.
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Maduagwu O.M., and Mohammed A.S. (eds) (2004). Challenges and prospects of Democratization in Nigeria. Fulbright Alumni Association of Nigeria, Book of Reading No. 2.
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Msn. Com (nd). retrieved October 17, 2008 from http:about.com/african history.
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