For-to-Infinitive Constructions

Topics: Sentence, Pronoun, Predicate, Subject / Pages: 7 (1540 words) / Published: Jan 16th, 2013
ГОУ ВПО
«СУРГУТСКИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ
Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа – Югры»
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РЕФЕРАТ по специальности: теоретическая грамматика

THE FOR-TO-INFINITIVE CONSTRUCTIONS

Выполнила: студентка 07-91гр. 4 курса факультета лингвистики Кравчук Евгения Александровна Сургут, 2012

The for-to-Infinitive Construction is a construction in which the infinitive is in predicate relation to a noun or pronoun preceded by the preposition for. The for-to-Infinitive Construction is expressed by a noun in the common case or a personal pronoun in the objective case and an infinitive with the particle to.
In translating this construction into Russian a subordinate clause or an infinitive is used.
The constructions can have different functions in the sentence. It can be:

1. Subject (often with the introductory it). In this function it usually follows introductory it and is very seldom placed before the predicate.

It was practically impossible for them to meet anybody.
(Это было практически невозможно, что они встретят кого-то)

For one to spend a summer with them was a wonderful experience.
(Для кого-то это было бы прекрасной возможностью провести лето вместе с ними)

It is shame for me to ask.
(Мне стыдно спросить)

It is necessary for you to do it at once.
(Тебе необходимо сделать это немедленно)

2. Predicative. The usual link verb is to be, although other link verbs are also possible.

That is not for me to decide.
(Не я должен решать это)

What it all means remains for an expert to say.
(Все, что это обозначает, должен сказать эксперт)

The instruction is for the engineers to follow.
(Инструкция предназначена для того, чтобы инженеры ее выполняли)

The plan was for him to join us in Switzerland.
(По плану он должен был присоединиться к нам в Швейцарии)

3. Object. The construction can be used as an indirect non-recipient object of certain verbs (to

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