Introduction of Tourism As we know, tourism is a complex phenomenon, one that is extremely difficult to describe succinctly. The new millennium has witnessed the continued growth of interest in how people spend their spare time, especially their leisure time and non-work time. Some commentators have gone as far as to suggest that it is leisure time-how we use it and its meaning to individuals and families-that defines our lives, as a focus for non work activity. This reflects a growing interest in what people consume in these non-work periods, particularly those times that are dedicated to travel and holidays which are more concentrated periods of leisure time. This interest is becoming an international phenomenon known as ‘tourism’ the use of this leisure time to visit different places, destinations and localities which often (but not exclusively) feature in the holiday and trip people take in. Therefore, the growing international significance of tourism can be explained in many ways. In an introductory text such as this, it is important to stress at the outset the following types of factors and processes in order to illustrate the reasons why tourism assumes an important role not in our lives but also globally: Tourism is a discretionary activity (people are not required to undertake it as a basic need to survive, unlike consuming food and water). Tourism is of growing economic significance at a global scale, with growth rates in excess of the rate of economic growth for many countries. Many governments see tourism as offering new employment opportunities in a growing sector that is focused on service industries and may assist in developing and modernizing the economy. Tourism is increasingly becoming associated with quality of life issues as it offers people the opportunity to take break away from the complexities and stresses of everyday life and work-it provides the context for rest,
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* Charles R. Goeldner, J.R. Brent Ritchie(2006) Tourism principles, practices, philosophies United State of America; Jone Wiley & Sons,Inc.